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Developing Future Ecosystem Service Payments In China

Lessons Learned from International Experience

By Sara J. Scherr, Michael T. Bennett, Molly Loughney, Kerstin Canby - Ecoagriculture Partners, Peking University College of Environmental Sciences, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, PROFOR

Across the world, the growing scarcity of ecosystem services has led to a flurry of conservation innovations over the past decade in the form of payment schemes and nascent markets for these services. The global economic value of ecosystem services is estimated in the trillions of dollars, though actual payments for protecting these services are […]

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Forests Water

Developing Markets for Water Services from Forests

Issues and Lessons for Innovators

Of the many services that forests provide, hydrological services, such as water quality and water flow, are among the most valuable. As we look ahead into the next decade, water will become an increasingly critical issue as it becomes an increasingly scarce resource. The value of these hydrological services will only grow over time. Policy […]

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Beyond Timber

Certification of Non-Timber Forest Products

By Patrica Shanley, Alan Pierce , Sarah Laird - Forest Trends, CIFOR, People and Plants International

Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are critical to rural livelihoods in both temperate and tropical areas. They provide communities with important subsistence resources like medicine, food and shelter, as well as a source of cash income. NTFPs are also part of large regional and international markets, and for centuries products such as spices, medicinal plants, fragrances […]

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Communities Forests

Customs, Concessionaires and Conflict

Tracking Cambodia's Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China

By Keith Barney - YCAR, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DIFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme

Cambodia has obviously experienced some difficulty in implementing an effective framework of sustainable forest management. Indeed, the Cambodian forest sector can be considered a paradigmatic example of the close links between vast resource wealth on the one hand, and structural conflict and rural violence on the other. From the early to the mid-1990s, Cambodia’s illegal […]

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For Services Rendered

The Current Status and Future Potential of Markets for the Ecosystem Services Provided by Tropical Forests

By Sara Scherr, Andy White, Arvind Khare - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, International Tropical Timber Association

The past decade has seen the widespread emergence of markets and other payment schemes for forest ecosystem services – such as watershed protection, biodiversity protection and carbon sequestration -around the world. At a global scale, several recent reviews indicate that these activities are nascent and still limited in scope and scale, but that they may […]

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China’s Forest Product Exports

An Overview of Trends by Segment and Destinations

By Xiufang Sun, Nian Cheng, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Chinese Center for Agricultural Policy, Center for International Forestry Research, DFID

In only 7 years, China’s timber product exports have tripled in volume and increased fourfold in value. The total volume of all forest product exports – including both timber and pulp and paper products – is now one-third of China’s total forest product import volume. The total volume of only primary timber products (excluding pulp […]

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Biodiversity Communities

A New Agenda for Forest Conservation and Poverty Reduction

Making Markets Work for Low-Income Producers

By Sara J. Scherr, Andy White, David Kaimowitz - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, CIFOR

The future of the world’s forests and the future of millions of the world’s poorest people are inextricably linked. Rural poverty is concentrated in many areas where the world’s biodiversity is most threatened. More than a billion people now live within the world’s 19 forest biodiversity “hotspots” and population growth in the world’s tropical wilderness […]

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Forests Water

Case Studies of Markets and Innovative Financial Mechanisms for Water Services from Forests

This paper examines existing market and financial mechanisms that are being used to provide hydrological services from watersheds and to assist forest owners and policymakers in assessing the advisability and feasibility of using such mechanisms.

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Forestry in China

Policy, Consumption, and Production in Forestry's Newest Superpower

By Jintao Xu, Andy White, Gary Bull, Sten Nilsson, eds. - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Forest Trends, University of British Columbia, IIASA

China’s forest market is one of the largest in the world in terms of production, consumption, and imports of wood products. Its large forest estate and massive population has meant that it has also for some time been a leading nation in terms of the number of processing plants, number of people employed in the […]

Dependent Documents

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An Assessment of China’s Forest Resources

By Gary Bull , Sten Nilsson - University of British Columbia, IIASA, Forest Trends
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China’s Pulp and Paper Sector

An Analysis of Supply-Demand Trends and Medium-Term Projections

By Dequan He , Chris Barr - China Economic Consulting, Inc, CIFOR, Forest Trends
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China’s Development of a Plantation-based Wood Pulp Industry

Government Policies, Financial Incentives, and Investment Trends

By Chris Barr , Christian Cossalter - World Agroforestry Centre, CIFOR, Forest Trends
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China’s Forest Sector Markets

Policy Issues and Recommendations

By Sten Nilsson, Gary Bull, Andy White, Jintao Xu - IIASA, University of British Columbia, Forest Trends, CCAP
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Understanding the Chinese Forest Market and Its Global Implications

By Jintao Xu , A. White - Chinese Agricultural Policy, Forest Trends
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The China Forest Products Trade

Overview of Asia-Pacific Supplying Countries, Impacts and Implications

By Eugenia Katsigris, Gary Bull, Andy White, Chris Barr, Keith Barney, Yati Bun, Timothy King, Alexey Lankin, Anatoly Lebedev, Phil Shearman, Alexander Sheingauz, Fredrich Kahrl, Yufang Su, Horst Weyerhaeuser - Forest Trends, University of British Columbia, Forest Trends, Center for International Forestry Research, York University, Foundation for People and Community Development, Forest Information Systems, Far Eastern Ecoregional Project, Worldwide Fund for Nature, Bureau for Regional Oriental Campaigns, University of Papua New Guinea, Economic Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, World Agroforestry Centre, World Agroforestry Centre, World Agroforestry Centre
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China’s Collective Forestlands

Contributions and Constraints

By Guangping Miao , R. Anders West - FEDRC, Forest Trends
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Climate Forests Investments

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2008

Forging A Frontier

By Katherine Hamilton, Milo Sjardin, Thomas Marcello, Gordon Xu

The volume of voluntary emission offsets traded on the “over the counter” market (e.g., outside of the formalized Chicago Climate Exchange, or CCX) nearly tripled in 2007, and Ecosystem Marketplace has once again teamed up with New Carbon Finance to crunch and analyze this fascinating market. The full report is now available for download. Titled “Forging […]