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Communities Forests

China Softwood-Log Commodity Chain and Livelihood Analysis

From the Russian Far East to China

By Alexander Sheingauz, Anatoly Lebedev , Natalia Ye Antonova - Economic Research Institutental Campaigns, Bureau for Regional Oriental Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DFID

China has rapidly become one of the world’s largest importers of wood. The volumes of logs, sawn wood, wood panels, and pulp and paper products shipped to China by producer countries in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East (RFE), Siberia and other regions have grown especially sharply since China implemented a partial ban on logging […]

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Forests

Illegal Forest Activities in the Asia Pacific Rim

By Arnoldo Contreras Hermosilla - Forest Trends

Illegal forest activities within the Asia Pacific countries have generated a host of negative impacts on the economy, the poor, and the quality of forest management. It is in the interest of all of the stakeholders – from local communities to national politicians to logging companies to international donors – to work together to ensure […]

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Forests

An Overview of the Market Chain for China’s Timber Product Imports from Myanmar

By Fredrich Kahrl, Horst Weyerhaeuser, and Su Yufang - World Agroforestry Centre, World Agroforestry Centre, World Agroforestry Centre, Forest Trends, DFID, CIFOR

China’s annual timber product imports from Myanmar more than tripled between 1997 and 2002. Although imports from Myanmar comprise just over two percent of China’s total timber product imports, the nascent increase in logging activities along the Chinese border in Myanmar has been highly concentrated in natural forests in Myanmar’s northern Kachin State, and the […]

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Communities Forests

Certification in Complex Socio-Political Settings

Looking forward to the Next Decade

By Michael Richards - Forest Trends

There is little evidence of certification’s impact on checking illegal logging, corruption and other severe forest governance problems. This is not surprising since these problems derive from problems in the legal, regulatory and policy framework, and public respect for law and order – problems unlikely to be much affected by a market instrument (with a […]

Dependent Documents

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Annex 4: Forest Certification in Indonesia

By Marcus Colchester - Forest Peoples Programme, Forest Trends
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Annex 1: La Experiencia Boliviana en la Certificación Forestal

By Henry Moreno Sanjines - Forest Trends
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Annex 2: Brazil Forest Certification Case Study

By Andre de Freitas - IMAFLORA, Forest Trends
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Annex 3: West and Central Africa

Progress and Prospects for Forest Certification

By Mike Packer - Timbmet Group, Forest Trends
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Annex 5: Forest Certification in Malaysia

By Saskia Ozinga - Forest Trends
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Annex 6: The Experience of the Russian Producers’ Group

By Andrey Ptichnikov - Forest Trends
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Annex 7: Priluzye Model Forest Certification Case

By Mikhail Karpachevskiy - Forest Trends
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Forests

Forest Products Trade Between Russia & China

Potential Production, Processing, Consumption and Trade Scenarios

By Steven Northway , Gary Q. Bull - University of British Columbia (UBC), Forest Trends, Rights & Resources Initiative (RRI)

This synthesis report depicts future trends in forest products processing, consumption and trade between China and its main suppliers, with a particular focus on Siberia and the Russian Far East. It is based on the findings of the International Forest and Forest Products (IFFP) trade model analysis completed by Northway & Bull 2007. The first […]

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Communities Forests

Russian Logs in China

The Softwood Commodity Chain & Chinese Economic Development

By Song Weiming, Cheng Baodong, Zhang Shengdong , Meng Xianggang - Forest Trends, DFID, SIDA, Beijing Forestry University, Rights and Resources Initiative

This paper provides an overview of the commodity-chain process of Russian softwood logs once they enter China, focusing on softwood as the dominant forest products traded from Russia to China. The research then details the economic and social impacts of this trade on local Chinese economies and livelihoods.

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Forests

Pacific Rim Initiative

A Coordinated Plan for Advancing Sustainable Forestry in the Pacific Rim

By Forest Trends, WWF, Chinese Research Center for Ecological and Environmental Economics

The forests of the Pacific Rim are critically important, in both global and local terms, are seriously threatened, and thus merit priority attention from conservationists, governments and private industry. Overall, policy and market failures, inappropriate government subsidies, non-discriminating investments and demand, illegal logging and trade, have all driven over-exploitation and inefficiency in the production and […]

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Forests

Overview of the Forest Sector in the Russian Far East

Production, Industry and the Problem of Illegal Logging

By Alexander Sheingauz - Economic Research Institute, Forest Trends, DFID, CIFOR

Russia and China have been bound by long-standing ties since the middle of the 17th century, with mutual trade as an important aspect. It is natural that regions such as the Russian Far East (RFE) and Southeastern Siberia developed firm links with China, because they are the closest neighbors. These relations, particularly in the timber […]

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Biodiversity

Payment Where It’s Due

By Michael Jenkins, Sara Scherr, and Mira Inbar - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Forest Trends

The financing and management of natural protected areas has historically been seen as the responsibility of the public sector. However, budgets for government protection and management of forest ecosystem services are declining, as are those from overseas development assistance. At the same time, processes of devolution and decentralization are shifting public responsibility for nature protection, […]

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Communities Forests

Forest Certification and Communities

Looking Forward to the Next Decade

By Augusta Molnar et al. - Forest Trends

This review looks at the experience with communities and certification as the first in a series of systematic reviews of certification. The analysis includes an assessment of community experiences with certification to date, an evaluation of the range of direct and indirect impacts on communities in different geographic regions, and an examination of the strategic […]

Dependent Documents

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Annex 1: Forest Certification in Brazil

The Parallel Evolution of Community Forest Management in the Brazilian Amazon and FSC Certification

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Annex 2: Forest Certification in Guatemala

The Process of Forest Certification in the Mayan Biosphere Reserve in Petan, Guatemala

By Carlos Soza - Forest Trends
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Annex 3: Forest Certification in Mexico

Certification in Mexico: The Cases of Durango and Oaxaca

By Sergio Madrid, Francisco Chapela - CCMSS, ERA, Forest Trends