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Climate Communities Forests

Developing Markets for the Ecosystem Services of Forests

By Ian Powell, Andy White, and Natasha Landell-Mills - Forest Trends, Forest Trends

As human demands increase and natural resources become scarcer, those who bear the costs of degradation – such as downstream water utilities, local governments, private insurers and society as a whole – are exploring opportunities to reduce costs by financing forest conservation. At the same time, some forest owners are seeking compensation for the costs […]

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Communities

Forest Product Exports from the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to China

Status and Trends

By Anatoly Lebedev - Bureau for Regional Outreach Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, Pacific Institute of Geography, WWF, DFID

Since 2001, China has been a top destination of Russian forest product exports to the Asia-Pacific region. The foreign economic and trade liberalization that began in Russia in the mid-1990s – combined with the high demand for timber imports into China due to the Chinese domestic logging ban starting in 1998 – has stimulated strong […]

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Communities Forests

Central Plans and Global Exports

Tracking Vietnam's Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China

By Keith Barney - York University, Forest Trends, CIFOR, YCAR, DFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme

After suffering forest cover declines of 185,000 ha per year from 1976 until 1990, Vietnam is attempting to stabilize deforestation trends, restructure the forest industry and the land tenure system, and move aggressively into fast-growing plantations. Reforestation of degraded forest land, natural regeneration of logged forest areas and more effective forest protection are key components […]

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Climate Forests Water

Making Environmental Markets Work

Lessons from Early Experience with Sulphur, Carbon, Wetlands, and Other Related Markets

By Ricardo Bayon - Forest Trends

Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. But markets are neither infallible nor automatic. They have blind spots and they need to be […]

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Communities

Who Owns the World’s Forests? Forest Tenure and Public Forests in Transition

By Andy White, and Alejandra Martin - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Center for International Environmental Law

Since the late 1980s, some governments of major forested countries have begun to reconsider and reform forest ownership policies. These transitions are driven by three primary considerations. First, governments are increasingly aware that official forest tenure systems in many countries discriminate against the rights and claims of indigenous people and other local communities. Although the […]

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Forests

Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act:

Implications For Vietnamese Forest Products Exporters

By Juge Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP, Sidley Austin LLP, Forest Trends

A new law gives the U.S. government the power to fine, and even jail, individuals and companies who traffic in illegally harvested wood products. The U.S. government can even use this law, called the Lacey Act, to impose significant penalties on individuals and companies who do not realize that their wood is tainted. This new […]

Dependent Documents

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Vietnamese Version: Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act

Implications For Vietnamese Forest Products Exporters

By R. Jude Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP, Sidley Austin LLP, Forest Trends
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Communities

Making Markets Work for Forest Communities

By Sara J. Scherr, Andy White, and David Kaimowitz - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Center for International Forestry Research

Development assistance efforts in recent years have focused on forests as “safety nets” for low-income forest dwellers. These efforts emphasize access to forest resources for the poor to meet their subsistence needs. But much less has been done to help local people exploit their forest assets in a sustainable manner to take advantage of the […]

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Communities

Siberian and Russian Far East Timber for China

Legal and Illegal Pathways, Players and Trends

By Anatoly Lebedev - Bureau for Regional Outreach Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DFID

The preservation and sustainable use of Siberian and Russian Far East (RFE) forests is of global importance for a number of reasons. These forests, which are the traditional environments of many endangered species and indigenous tribes, are now supplying timber to nearby regions and countries that have largely destroyed their own forests. The vast forests […]

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Communities Forests

A Brief Overview of China’s Timber Market

By Xiufang Sun, Liqun Wang, Zhenbin Gu - Forest Trends, School of Economics and Management at Beijing Forestry University, School of Economics and Management at Beijing Forestry University, Chinese Center for Agricultural Policy, CIFOR, CEM, Beijing Forestry University, DFID

China’s timber market has undergone dramatic changes in recent decades and continues to change rapidly. Currently, timber producers are allowed to market their timber directly to different buyers, although timber harvest and transport remain heavily regulated by the government. China’s primary wood-processing industry and wood-consuming sectors have experienced rapid growth in recent years. Sectors like […]

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Forests

Forest Governance in Federal Systems

An Overview of Experiences and Implications for Decentralization

By Hans Gregersen, Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Andy White, Lauren Phillips - CGIAR, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, United Nations Forum on Forests, CIFOR, Inter Cooperation, SDC

Internationally recognized problems such as illegal logging and uncontrolled deforestation, as well as the broader political trends, are driving many countries to reconsider centralized systems of decision-making and direct government implementation of forest programs. The paper assesses the experiences of eight countries with federal systems including Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Russia, and the […]