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Republic of the Congo
Risk Score
89.8
Risk Profile
Higher Risk
Conflict State
Yes
Log Export Restriction
Yes
Other Timber Export Restrictions
No
Import Regulation
No
Legality Risks Click for details on legality risks
  • Despite improvements to the legislative framework for forest management in 2020, illegal logging remains pervasive in the
    Republic of the Congo (ROC).
  • The security situation in ROC is improving following a decade of violence in the 1990s, but corruption reportedly permeates almost every sector of the economy.
  • ROC has restricted exports of unprocessed products since 2000, but legal uncertainty since the 2020 Forest Code poses a risk that unprocessed logs continue to be illegally exported to international markets, particularly China and Vietnam.
  • Independent forest monitoring (IFM) has been a key feature of international efforts to improve forest governance since 2007. 
  • NGOs continue to document sector-wide illegalities and corruption in the forest sector.

Read more by downloading the Republic of the Congo Timber Legality Risk Dashboard here.

Latest Updates Click for latest news from Republic of the Congo
October 28, 2022

This week, the Minister of Forest Economy of the Republic of Congo announced the end of log exports on January 1, 2023. Our association welcomes this decision, which will allow for the long-term advancement of the country’s wood processing industry.
Congo is now entering an important stage. 2023 will be a year of transition, not necessarily easy. For various reasons (covid, energy crisis, raw material crisis), companies have had difficulties over the past two years to prepare for this decision and to equip themselves with the new industrial means necessary to absorb the volumes of wood that are no longer exported. Discussions between the authorities and operators in the sector should take place in the short term and could facilitate the implementation of this policy, to clarify certain questions concerning, among other things, the export of heavy timber, or the future of commercial contracts currently in force.InCameroon, discussions between the authorities and the GFBC seem to indicate the opening of a 3-year transition period.

More...
March 19, 2022

Smoked fish is a popular delicacy in Congo. Locally known as Makwala, the fish is craved for its rich aroma. But for Makwala to meet the preferences of its ardent consumers, a lot of wood has to burn. The high demand for fuel to smoke fish is driving deforestation in Congo. Vast areas of mangrove forests have disappeared as a result.

More...
November 2, 2022

In Central Africa, the ban on the export of logs will no longer take effect from 1 January 2022. The entry into force of this measure has been postponed to an unspecified date. This was the outcome of the 38th ordinary session of the Council of Ministers of the Economic Union of Central Africa (UEAC), which ended on 28 October 2022 in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

This is a retropalent for the countries of the Economic Union of Central Africa (UEAC). The entry into force of the ban on timber exports in the form of logs, which was set for 1 January 2023, has been postponed to a date yet to be determined.

More...
June 9, 2022

In view of the entry into force, from January 1 2023, of the measure prohibiting the export of logs in the six CEMAC countries (Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Chad, CAR and Equatorial Guinea), a workshop devoted to the validation of the regional guidelines for taxation and forest certification is currently being held in Libreville.

More...
Key Resources
Click here for a collection of Forest Trends publications related to IDAT Risk, including the full set of Timber Legality Risk Country Dashboards.
Methodology
Click here to download the Methodology which includes information on data sources, the methodology used to create risk indicators, and a glossary of key terms.
Timber Data Tool
Click here to access the Global Illegal Logging and Associated Trade (ILAT) Risk assessment tool and to download the Forest Trends User Guide describing the functionality of the ILAT Risk Data Tool.
Export Restrictions
Click here to download a database of forest policy export restrictions.