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Papua New Guinea
Risk Score
83.4
Risk Profile
Higher Risk
Conflict State
Yes
Log Export Restriction
Yes
Other Timber Export Restrictions
Yes
Import Regulation
No
Legality Risks Click for details on legality risks
  • Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) logging and land clearance for agricultural projects occur predominantly in natural forest areas.
    The majority of exports are roundlogs. There is little plantation production and only a limited number of processing facilities.
  • There are reportedly serious governance and corruption challenges highly relevant to the forestry sector. Multiple official inquiries and independent studies have documented widespread corruption and failure to enforce laws.
  • NGOs continue to document sector-wide illegalities.
  • Forest clearance permits intended for agricultural development, often used as a pretext for gaining access to timber, have become a major source of logs exported from PNG over the last decade. These permits are frequently issued illegally and without transparency or due process, in particular violating laws around customary land rights.
  • The vast majority of logs are destined for China where they account for approximately one-third of the annual import of tropical logs. The EU and U.S. do not import wood products directly from PNG, but import a number of wood products manufactured in China that potentially contain wood from PNG. 
  • The log export monitoring system developed by the SGS Group (SGS), which covers taxes paid, species and volumes, is not designed to verify timber legality. A national Timber Legality Standard, under development since 2010, has not been finalized and continues to  contain significant gaps in coverage according to civil society experts.

Read more by downloading Papua New Guinea’s Timber Legality Risk Dashboard here.

Latest Updates Click for latest news from Papua New Guinea
April 11, 2022

The immigration and Citizenship Authority Special Operations team has repatriated 22 men into Port Moresby from Wewak, East Septik Province over alleged involvement in illegal logging in Hawain.

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March 24, 2022

The duplication of land titles has become an issue and the Minister for Lands, John Rosso is determined to correct a lot of those illegal deals and have the land transferred back to the original title holders.

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February 14, 2022

Papua New Guinea’s Centre for Environment Law and Community Rights, or CELCOR, wants police working for logging companies to be sacked from the force. This follows the killing of two landowners and a policeman at a forestry site in East Sepik last month. Those deaths have sparked a parliamentary call for an inquiry into police staff working for logging companies as security.

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Publications Click for publications related to Papua New Guinea
While subsistence agriculture and logging still contribute to deforestation, commercial-scale agricultural expansion is now recognized as by far the single largest driver of deforestation worldwide and thus also of greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change. Several initiatives have quantified how much and where deforestation is driven by commercial agriculture, and even how much of this […]
Key Resources
Click here for a collection of Forest Trends publications related to IDAT Risk, including the full set of Timber Legality Risk Country Dashboards.
Methodology
Click here to download the Methodology which includes information on data sources, the methodology used to create risk indicators, and a glossary of key terms.
Timber Data Tool
Click here to access the Global Illegal Logging and Associated Trade (ILAT) Risk assessment tool and to download the Forest Trends User Guide describing the functionality of the ILAT Risk Data Tool.
Export Restrictions
Click here to download a database of forest policy export restrictions.