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Mozambique
Risk Score
81.6
Risk Profile
Higher Risk
Conflict State
Yes
Log Export Restriction
Yes
Other Timber Export Restrictions
Yes
Import Regulation
No
Latest Updates Click for latest news from Mozambique
August 12, 2024
New Report from ACSS: Illegal Logging in Africa and Its Security Implications

Illegal logging is a growing feature of transnational organized crime in Africa, often facilitated by the collusion of senior officials, with far-reaching security and environmental implications for the countries affected.

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May 16, 2024
Illegal timber trade with China funds terrorism in Mozambique, NGO says

A four-year undercover investigation by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), an NGO that campaigns against alleged environmental crimes, has found that timber smuggling from Mozambican forests to Chinese consumers generates an estimated US$23 million each year for terrorists and criminal networks in northern Mozambique.

While rosewood, an umbrella term for a wide range of tropical hardwoods, is protected under the international CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) treaty, Islamist group al-Shebab in Cabo Delgado has been smuggling these precious trees and other flora and fauna products to fund their insurgency, generating an estimated US$1.9 million a month.

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May 15, 2024
China’s Black Box: Antique Furniture Frenzy Fuels Rosewood Crisis

Over three million tons of West African Rosewood have been shipped to China since 2017. The logs are manufactured into high-end Chinese furniture and exported worldwide as part of a multi-billion dollar furniture industry.

 

In November, Wood Central reported that CITES had banned the felling, transportation, and exportation of West African Rosewood in response to Chinese traders’ “industrial-scale” exploitation of the timbers. That move, according to environmental watchdog forest-trends, is an acknowledgment that past measures to protect the species, known as P. erinaceus, have “not worked and that CITES Parties (who are responsible for the measures to verify the legality and sustainability of trade, have not been able to eradicate illegal trade alone.”

Now, a new report by the Environmental Investigation Agency alleges that the multi-billion dollar trade is showing no signs of slowing, despite CITES and the Gambian government’s both introducing outright bans on the harvest and distribution of the timbers.

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January 19, 2024
Mapping the diversity of land uses following deforestation across Africa

The first high-resolution (5 m) and continental-scale
mapping of land use following deforestation in Africa, including humid and dry forests.

 

Results show, not surprisingly,  that the causes of forest loss vary by region. In general, small-scale cropland is the
dominant driver of forest loss in Africa, with hotspots in Madagascar and DRC. In addition, commodity
crops such as cacao, oil palm, and rubber are the dominant drivers of forest loss in the humid forests of
western and central Africa, forming an “arc of commodity crops” in that region. At the same time, the
hotspots for cashew are found to increasingly dominate in the dry forests of both western and southeastern Africa, while larger hotspots for large-scale croplands were found in Nigeria and Zambia.

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April 10, 2023
Stolen Resources: The Impact of Illegal Logging on African Development

Mozambique’s forests are a treasure trove of biodiversity and natural beauty. Covering 43% of the country’s landmass, these native forests and woodlands are home to an array of unique landscapes and wildlife.

However, Mozambique is grappling with a major issue: illegal logging. Between 2017 and 2020, firms in the country illegally exported 2.6 million tonnes of logs worth $900 million in violation of the log export ban. An overwhelming majority of these shipments, 99%, were destined for China.

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April 12, 2022
Mozambique: 14 sentenced for poaching, illegal logging in Gorongosa Park buffer zone

Cheringoma District Court in Sofala has given 14 individuals sentences ranging from four to six years in prison for committing environmental crimes in the Gorongosa National Park buffer zone. The offenders engaged in illegal logging and killing of animals, including elephants, buffalo, lions and pangolins.

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March 29, 2022
Mozambique launches new Forest Information System

The Mozambican authorities launched, in Maputo on Monday, a digital Forestry Information System (SIF) that will promote transparency, compliance with legislation and the computerization of forestry information It is estimated that Mozambique has 31.7 million hectares of forests, with at least 449 species of trees and a volume of 800 million cubic metres of wood.

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December 10, 2021
Umbila: Zambézia continues to feature among illegal logging hotspots in Mozambique

Illegal loggers continue to devastate the forests of Zambézia province.

Although the Gilé National Park buffer zone and containment measures imposed by park supervisors there are providing some respite, there are reports that the southern part of the province is experiencing a new spike of illegal exploitation of Umbila wood.

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October 13, 2021
Mozambique: Authorities seize 2,000 cubic metres of illegal timber for export

Mozambique’s National Agency for Environmental Quality Control (Aqua) has seized over 2,000 cubic metres of wood that was being illegally exported through the port of Beira, in central Mozambique, the state agency said.

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September 23, 2021
Al-Shabaab and Chinese Trade Practices in Mozambique

In 2020, eight Mozambican public officials and one Chinese national named Zhao were arrested for illegally harvesting and exporting timber from Cabo Delgado — Mozambique’s northernmost province — to China. According to local reports, five of the Mozambicans are awaiting trial while Zhao and three Mozambicans have been released, and the seized wood was returned to Zhao personally.

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Key Resources
Click here for a collection of Forest Trends publications related to IDAT Risk, including the full set of Timber Legality Risk Country Dashboards.
Methodology
Click here to download the Methodology which includes information on data sources, the methodology used to create risk indicators, and a glossary of key terms.
Data Tools

Click here to access the Global Illegal Logging and Associated Trade (ILAT) Risk assessment tool and to download the Forest Trends User Guide describing the functionality of the ILAT Risk Data Tool.

Click here to access the Cattle Data Tool.

Export Restrictions
Click here to download a database of forest policy export restrictions.