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Risk Score
79.0
Risk Profile
Higher Risk
Conflict State
No
Log Export Restriction
Yes
Other Timber Export Restrictions
No
Import Regulation
No
Latest Updates Click for latest news from Ecuador
May 16, 2024
Ecuador adopts new traceability system for ag exports

Ecuador has introduced new traceability guidelines to guarantee the origin and quality of its agricultural exports, in hopes this will help the country’s exports comply with the EU Deforestation Regulation. In 2023, it exported almost US$2bn of agricultural products to that market, the main ones being bananas, cocoa beans, fresh flowers, coffee, broccoli, pineapples and pitahaya, amongst others.

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February 5, 2024
RAPID EXPANSION OF ILLEGAL MINING IN ECUADORIAN AMAZON

MAAP documents  alluvial (mainly gold) mining in the Ecuadorian Amazon, specifically in the area around the Punino River.  The vast majority of the detected activity is illegal mining, as it is outside the limits of the areas authorized for mining.

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September 13, 2023
New Global Witness report: Standing firm The Land and Environmental Defenders on the frontlines of the climate crisis

For the past 11 years, Global Witness has documented and denounced waves of threats, violence and killings of land and environmental defenders across the world, and 2022 marks the beginning of our second decade documenting lethal attacks. The world has changed dramatically since we started documenting these in 2012. But one thing that has not changed is the relentlessness of the killings.

Last year, at least 177 defenders lost their lives for protecting our planet, bringing the total number of killings to 1,910 since 2012. At least 1,390 of these killings took place between the adoption of the Paris Agreement on 12 December 2015 and 31 December 2022.

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August 10, 2023
Amazon nations decry EU deforestation rules in thinly-veiled joint condemnation

Amazon nations have attacked in a joint declaration the “proliferation” of environmental rules in trade, echoing a growing backlash against new EU deforestation requirements.

The final document does not single out the European law specifically, but it condemns “the proliferation of unilateral trade measures based on environmental requirements and norms which constitute trade barriers”.

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August 8, 2023
Oil palm and balsa plantations trigger deforestation in Ecuadorian Amazon

Roads constructed for the oil industry have facilitated timber extraction in the Amazon for decades. Recent deforestation alerts show that this problem is ongoing.

 

In Via Auca, one of the most deforested areas of Ecuador’s Amazon, farmers are turning to planting oil palm under the contract farming model.

 

On the Via a Loreto, Indigenous Kichwa people are focusing on cultivating balsa trees used for a material that has been in high demand in the wind energy industry for the last five years.

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June 7, 2023
The geography of environmental degradation in the Amazon

Mongabay has begun publishing a new edition of the book, “A Perfect Storm in the Amazon,” in short installments and in three languages: Spanish, English and Portuguese.

 

Chronicling the efforts of nine Amazonian countries to curb deforestation, this edition provides an overview of the topics most relevant to the conservation of the region’s biodiversity, ecosystem services and Indigenous cultures, as well as a description of the conventional and sustainable development models that are vying for space within the regional economy.

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May 23, 2023
New Report Shows Increased Illegal Mining Activity in the Ecuadorian Amazon

A series of reports have shown that deforestation caused by gold mining is escalating in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Protected areas and indigenous territories such as Podocarpus National Park, Cuenca Alta del Río Nangaritza Protected Forest, and Shuar Arutam Indigenous territory have been highly susceptible to these activities, which are now beginning to affect the Cofán – Bermejo Ecological Reserve.

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March 10, 2023
Colombia, Ecuador announce alert system to protect Indigenous Awá from armed groups

Colombia and Ecuador are implementing a system designed to alert about risks of violence against residents who live near the border, many of whom are Awá Indigenous people.

 

Since last August, thousands of Awá have been forcibly displaced or suffered threats, intimidation, torture or forced recruitment by organized crime groups participating in drug trafficking and illegal mining.

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August 17, 2021
Indigenous Amazonian communities bear the burden of Ecuador’s balsa boom

Ecuador is the world’s biggest exporter of balsa wood, most of it shipped to China. Indigenous communities in Ecuador’s Pastaza River Basin say balsa is being logged illegally in their territories. Sources say balsa logging is damaging the ecological integrity of the region and hurting Indigenous communities. The problem has reportedly spread to neighboring Peru, where Indigenous communities accuse Ecuadoran balsa loggers of felling commercially valuable trees and even kidnapping a child.

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Key Resources
Click here for a collection of Forest Trends publications related to IDAT Risk, including the full set of Timber Legality Risk Country Dashboards.
Methodology
Click here to download the Methodology which includes information on data sources, the methodology used to create risk indicators, and a glossary of key terms.
Data Tools

Click here to access the Global Illegal Logging and Associated Trade (ILAT) Risk assessment tool and to download the Forest Trends User Guide describing the functionality of the ILAT Risk Data Tool.

Click here to access the Cattle Data Tool.

Export Restrictions
Click here to download a database of forest policy export restrictions.