The Economic Impacts of Illegal Agro-Conversion on Tropical Forest Countries
A new framework supports national and global cost estimatesView Publication
This paper summarizes a new analysis of the costs of illegal conversion of tropical forests for export-driven industrial agriculture. It synthesizes a proposed theoretical framework for exploring impacts of illegal conversion on financial capital, natural capital, political capital, and human/social capital. A global minimum cost per hectare to forest countries of illegal agro-conversion is estimated, along with lessons learned from applying the framework in Brazil, Indonesia, Costa Rica, and Liberia.