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Malaysia: Illegalities in Forest Clearance for Large-Scale Commercial Plantations

By Lim Teck Wyn
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This study focuses on large-scale commercial oil palm plantations, rubber plantations, timber plantations and pulpwood plantations but not small-scale subsistence agriculture.
It reviews secondary sources, including published laws and regulations, government figures, company reports, NGO reports and newspaper reports. Additional information includes personal communication and correspondence with relevant persons, including government officials and NGO experts. No primary research was undertaken.