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Communities

Forest Product Exports from the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to China

Status and Trends

By Anatoly Lebedev - Bureau for Regional Outreach Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, Pacific Institute of Geography, WWF, DFID

Since 2001, China has been a top destination of Russian forest product exports to the Asia-Pacific region. The foreign economic and trade liberalization that began in Russia in the mid-1990s – combined with the high demand for timber imports into China due to the Chinese domestic logging ban starting in 1998 – has stimulated strong […]

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Communities Forests

Central Plans and Global Exports

Tracking Vietnam's Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China

By Keith Barney - York University, Forest Trends, CIFOR, YCAR, DFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme

After suffering forest cover declines of 185,000 ha per year from 1976 until 1990, Vietnam is attempting to stabilize deforestation trends, restructure the forest industry and the land tenure system, and move aggressively into fast-growing plantations. Reforestation of degraded forest land, natural regeneration of logged forest areas and more effective forest protection are key components […]

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Climate Forests Water

Making Environmental Markets Work

Lessons from Early Experience with Sulphur, Carbon, Wetlands, and Other Related Markets

By Ricardo Bayon - Forest Trends

Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. But markets are neither infallible nor automatic. They have blind spots and they need to be […]

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Communities

Who Owns the World’s Forests? Forest Tenure and Public Forests in Transition

By Andy White, and Alejandra Martin - Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Center for International Environmental Law

Since the late 1980s, some governments of major forested countries have begun to reconsider and reform forest ownership policies. These transitions are driven by three primary considerations. First, governments are increasingly aware that official forest tenure systems in many countries discriminate against the rights and claims of indigenous people and other local communities. Although the […]

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Climate Forests Investments

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2008

Forging A Frontier

By Katherine Hamilton, Milo Sjardin, Thomas Marcello, Gordon Xu

The volume of voluntary emission offsets traded on the “over the counter” market (e.g., outside of the formalized Chicago Climate Exchange, or CCX) nearly tripled in 2007, and Ecosystem Marketplace has once again teamed up with New Carbon Finance to crunch and analyze this fascinating market. The full report is now available for download. Titled “Forging […]

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Climate Forests Investments

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2007

Picking Up Steam

By Katherine Hamilton, Ricardo Bayon, Guy Turner, Douglas Higgins

On July 17th, 2007, Ecosystem Marketplace and New Carbon Finance issued one of the first ever in-depth reports on the voluntary carbon market. State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2007: Picking Up Steam is a comprehensive quantitative assessment of the voluntary carbon market with information on prices and volumes traded, as well as an analysis of […]

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Communities

Market Options and Barriers for Timber and Sawnwood from Michoacán, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Campeche and Quinatana Roo, Mexico

This study is one of several country-level market assessments that analyze the scope of opportunities for community forest enterprises to participate effectively in forest sector markets. As part of its global analytical program, Forest Trends and its international partners have identified a new forest agenda which seeks to make markets work for low-income producers and […]

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Forests

Forest Certification and Small Forest Enterprises

Key Trends and Impacts - Benefits and Barriers

By Rebecca Butterfield, Eric Hansen, Richard Fletcher, and Hanna Nikinmaa - Rainforest Alliance, Oregon State University, Oregon State University Extension, Savcor, Forest Trends

As certification of forest management practices enters its second decade, questions have been raised regarding the impacts of forest certification and its future trajectory. While many of the concerns that led to the development of forest certification initially were focused on environmental issues, subsequent issues have emerged related to the social and economic impacts of […]