As of June 2020
Forest Trends has identified countries – most in tropical timber producing areas – which have enacted policies to restrict or prohibit the export of specific forest products, including raw logs and sawnwood. Information on these Forest Product Export Restrictions (FPERs) are provided to the public in the below table.
Forest product export restrictions range from comprehensive bans on all raw or crudely processed forest products, to more narrow, partial restrictions targeting certain types of timber, specific tree species, or distinct regions of harvest. In some countries, the wording of the FPER policies may be ambiguous or difficult to interpret. In some cases, government officials can grant exemptions under special circumstances.
Despite these full or partial Forest Product Export Restrictions (FPERs), forest products continue to be exported
The presence of a Forest Product Export Restriction (FPER) signals a need for additional risk assessment and mitigation actions to ensure that the import of certain products from these countries does not violate the specific laws and regulations of the source country. In the US, Europe and Australia, regulated market transactions involving products in violation of a FPER policy from the country of harvest are typically within the scope of the US Lacey Act, the European Union Timber Regulation (EUTR) and the Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act (ILPA).
Forest Trends publishes the best known information on these Forest Product Export Restrictions (FPER), including common subsets of Log Export Restrictions (LERs) and Sawnwood Export Restrictions (SERs), updating them on a biannual basis. Due to the lack of clear information in many countries, and difficulty in accessing specific regulatory text, this table is by no means comprehensive. Forest Trends recommends that this information be used only as a starting point; the presence of a FPER signals that additional due diligence will be needed.
Forest Trends makes no warranties and shall have no liability to the reader for any inaccuracy, representation, or misrepresentation set out herein. Users of this information are strongly advised not to use the content of this report in isolation, but to take the information contained herein together with other market information and to formulate his/ her own views, interpretations, and opinions thereon. The reader is strongly advised to seek appropriate legal and professional advice before entering into commercial transactions.
Forest Trends encourages all interested parties to submit any information on full or partial Forest Product Export Restrictions, to be considered for inclusion in this table. Please contact Kerstin Canby at Forest Trends (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Forest Trends does not represent or warrant the accuracy, suitability, or content of this catalogue of best known information. It is the sole responsibility and obligation of the reader and user of this list to satisfy himself/herself as to the accuracy, suitability, and content of the information contained herein. Forest Trends (including its respective affiliates, officers, directors, partners, and employees) makes no warranties and shall have no liability to the reader for any inaccuracy, representation, or misrepresentation set out herein. The reader further agrees to hold Forest Trends harmless from and against any claims, loss, or damage in connection with or arising out of any commercial decisions made on the basis of the information contained herein. The reader of this report is strongly advised not to use the content of this report in isolation, but to take the information contained herein together with other market information and to formulate his/ her own views, interpretations, and opinions thereon. The reader is strongly advised to seek appropriate legal and professional advice before entering into commercial transactions.
 Despite their seeming simplicity, Forest Product Export Restrictions (FPERs) and Log Export Restrictions (LERs) are often difficult to enforce, due to low capacity of government agencies to outright fraud and corruption along the supply chain. Due to these enforcement challenges, logs continue to be exported in violation of these policies.
 As such, logs as well as finished timber products imported into these markets from manufacturing hubs such as China and Vietnam would also be at risk for legality violations if these products originated as logs, sawnwood or other covered timber products imported into those countries in violation of a FPER.