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Biodiversity Offsets in National (Brazil) and Regional (EU) Mandatory Arrangements: Towards an International Regime?
Luiz Gustavo Escorcio Bezerra
Biodiversity is essential to maintaining the biosphere in a condition which supports human and other lives. The 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg recognised the urgency of action against biodiversity loss. Biodiversity offset is a mechanism aiming to achieve no net loss or even net gain to biodiversity through the installation of a specific project or the development of general economic activities. The purpose of this paper is to (i) disseminate the understanding of biodiversity offsets; (ii) analyse Brazilís national and the European Unionís regional frameworks for biodiversity offsets; and (iii) launch the debate of establishing an international regime for biodiversity offsets. After learning from EU and Brazilian experiences, this paper concludes that an internationally coordinated solution is needed, launching the debate of designing an international regime for biodiversity offsets, or of which biodiversity offsets form a part.
|Release Date:||May 2007|
|File Size:||267 KB|