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Forests

Forest Governance in Federal Systems

An Overview of Experiences and Implications for Decentralization

By Hans Gregersen, Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Andy White, Lauren Phillips - CGIAR, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, United Nations Forum on Forests, CIFOR, Inter Cooperation, SDC

Internationally recognized problems such as illegal logging and uncontrolled deforestation, as well as the broader political trends, are driving many countries to reconsider centralized systems of decision-making and direct government implementation of forest programs. The paper assesses the experiences of eight countries with federal systems including Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Russia, and the […]

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Communities

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea

Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry Volume II

By Forest Trends

Between 2000 and 2005, in response to a widely held view that forest management in Papua New Guinea was not providing long-term benefits to the country or its citizens, and to assess the implementation and effectiveness of the new governance regime introduced in the PNG Forestry Act of 1991, the Papua New Guinea government commissioned […]

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Forests

Developing Future Ecosystem Service Payments In China

Lessons Learned from International Experience

By Sara J. Scherr, Michael T. Bennett, Molly Loughney, Kerstin Canby - Ecoagriculture Partners, Peking University College of Environmental Sciences, Forest Trends, Forest Trends, PROFOR

Across the world, the growing scarcity of ecosystem services has led to a flurry of conservation innovations over the past decade in the form of payment schemes and nascent markets for these services. The global economic value of ecosystem services is estimated in the trillions of dollars, though actual payments for protecting these services are […]

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Forests Water

Developing Markets for Water Services from Forests

Issues and Lessons for Innovators

Of the many services that forests provide, hydrological services, such as water quality and water flow, are among the most valuable. As we look ahead into the next decade, water will become an increasingly critical issue as it becomes an increasingly scarce resource. The value of these hydrological services will only grow over time. Policy […]

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Climate Forests Investments

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2008

Forging A Frontier

By Katherine Hamilton, Milo Sjardin, Thomas Marcello, Gordon Xu

The volume of voluntary emission offsets traded on the “over the counter” market (e.g., outside of the formalized Chicago Climate Exchange, or CCX) nearly tripled in 2007, and Ecosystem Marketplace has once again teamed up with New Carbon Finance to crunch and analyze this fascinating market. The full report is now available for download. Titled “Forging […]

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Climate Forests Investments

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2007

Picking Up Steam

By Katherine Hamilton, Ricardo Bayon, Guy Turner, Douglas Higgins

On July 17th, 2007, Ecosystem Marketplace and New Carbon Finance issued one of the first ever in-depth reports on the voluntary carbon market. State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2007: Picking Up Steam is a comprehensive quantitative assessment of the voluntary carbon market with information on prices and volumes traded, as well as an analysis of […]

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Communities

Market Options and Barriers for Timber and Sawnwood from Michoacán, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Campeche and Quinatana Roo, Mexico

This study is one of several country-level market assessments that analyze the scope of opportunities for community forest enterprises to participate effectively in forest sector markets. As part of its global analytical program, Forest Trends and its international partners have identified a new forest agenda which seeks to make markets work for low-income producers and […]

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Forests

Forest Certification and Small Forest Enterprises

Key Trends and Impacts - Benefits and Barriers

By Rebecca Butterfield, Eric Hansen, Richard Fletcher, and Hanna Nikinmaa - Rainforest Alliance, Oregon State University, Oregon State University Extension, Savcor, Forest Trends

As certification of forest management practices enters its second decade, questions have been raised regarding the impacts of forest certification and its future trajectory. While many of the concerns that led to the development of forest certification initially were focused on environmental issues, subsequent issues have emerged related to the social and economic impacts of […]