The indigenous economy has two spheres: the reciprocity economy and the market economy. The reciprocity economy is linked to traditional practices, the barter economy and collective production. These practices are independent from monetary or financial relationships. There is some friction or tension when such reciprocity economy gets in touch with the market economy. Forest Trends’ Communities and Territorial Governance Initiative (CTGI) has been developing processes in order to trigger a thinking process on how to underpin the economy of the indigenous people and territories and to make sure that the link with the market be as beneficial and equitable as possible, taking into account the respect for the ethnicity of each people and the experiences accumulated by the communities and organizations.