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China/Asia-Pacific Workshops

Event Overview

China/Asia-Pacific Workshops

June 04, 2005 - June 07, 2005

Beijing, China

I. Workshop Agenda & Logistics:


Project proposal for Workshop #1 Workprogramming - Transforming China's Forest Impacts in the East Asia Region: Advancing Pro-Poor Policy & Market Reforms for Sustainable Livelihoods & Forests, June 6

Forest Future Scenario Analysis: Discussion on Plantations
by Tim Brown, Forest Futures Working Group

Approaches to Building Policy-Relevant Future Forest Scenarios: Experience from Indonesia
by Tim Brown, Forest Futures Working Group

Briefing Note - Developing Scenarios and Evaluating Policies for China and Asia Pacific Regional Forest Products Suppliers: A Proposed Model Structure
by Gary Bull, University of British Columbia

Publications of the China/Asia-Pacific Initiative in DRAFT form:

Status and Trends in Forest Product Exports from the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to China
by Alexey Lankin

Siberian and Russian Far East Timber for China: Legal and Illegal Pathways, Players, and Trends
by Anatoly Lebedev


Russian Far East – China Softwood Log Commodity Chain and Livelihood Analysis
by Alexander S. Sheingauz, Anatoliy V. Lebedev, Natalia Ye Antonova

At the Supply Edge: Thailand’s Forest Policies, Plantation Sector, and Commodity Export Links with China
by Keith Barney

Central Plans and Global Exports: Tracking Vietnam’s Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China
by Keith Barney

Who Drives Conservation in China? A Case Study in Protected Areas in Yunnan, Southwest China
by Jianchu Xu

Presentations and Resources from the June 4-6 Workshop:

Mekong Region Timber Import Data
by Keith Barney

Mekong Region Timber Export Data
by Keith Barney

Approaches to Building Policy-Relevant Future Forest Scenarios: Experience from Indonesia
by Tim Brown, Forest Futures Working Group

Forest Future Scenario Analysis: Discussion on Plantations
by Tim Brown, Forest Futures Working Group

More What If: Implications of Increasing Global Demand for Bejing Roast Duck
by Kerstin Canby, Forest Trends

China and Asia Pacific: Forest Markets for sustainable livelihoods and Forests - Country Situation observation: Malaysia
by Chen Hin Keong, TRAFFIC

Export of Major Timber Products From Malaysia 2003
by Chen Hin Keong , TRAFFIC

Forest Sector of the Russian Far East: Potential of the Foreign- Economic Cooperation
by Alexander S. Sheingauz, Economic Research Institute

The Chinese Market: Supply, Demand and Trade Workshop
by Sun Xiufang, Forest Trends

China's Forest Product Exports 1997-2004
by Sun Xiufang, Forest Trends

Presentations and Resources from the June 6-7 Workshop:

China Structural Lumber Market
by Matthew Brady

Impacts of China on the Global Value (Supply) Chain: The wood sector
by Dr. David Cohen, University of British Columbia

Competitiveness of Hill Plantations in Southern China Current Situation and Future Scenarios
by Christian Cossalter, CIFOR

Modeling Demand, Supply and Trade in China's Pulp & Paper Markets
by David Dequan He, China Economic Consulting, Inc.

Bamboo Forest Trends
by Dr. Maxim Lobovikov, INBAR

The Demand & Supply of Wooden Material for Chinese Furniture Industry
by Xu Meiqi

Focus on the Future: Plantations in China
by Matti Naakka, Stora Enso

The Pulp and Paper Industry: Brian Stafford and Associates Pty. Ltd.
by Brian Stafford, Brian Stafford and Associates Pty. Ltd.

Chinese Wood Pulp Imports
by Brian Stafford, Brian Stafford and Associates Pty. Ltd.


China's Financial Sector: Basic Form and Reform
by Ding Tao

China's Wood Product Market – Baseline Scenarios: A Preliminary Summary of Trends and Projections for the Medium Term
by Andy White and Chris Barr

Studies of Chinese Forest Products Market: WBP Sector
by Dr. Chen Yong, Center for China Wood-market Consulting Chinese Academy of Forestry

Publications of the China/Asia-Pacific initiative:

China's forest product imports have grown dramatically in recent years, catapulting the country to a top role in world trade in the sector.  Rapid expansion of manufacturing and domestic consumption, in a nation with very limited per capita forest resources, have fueled the rise in imports. While China's increased forest product demand has affected supplying countries worldwide, impacts are particularly marked in the Asia Pacific Region.  Forest-rich Asia Pacific countries are seeing increasing amounts of their resources head for China.  In many cases, increasing trade flows are associated with issues such as unsustainable harvesting, corruption, and lack of satisfactory livelihood opportunities for forest-dependent communities.  Identification of priority issues and possible solutions, however, requires a clearer understanding of the status of and trends associated with the forest sectors and forest product trade of China's Asia Pacific suppliers.  

Since early 2000 Forest Trends and the Chinese Center for Agricultural Policy (CCAP)have worked with partners in China and across the region to fill information gaps and build a knowledge base on the Chinese forest market and the industry and export trade of China's Asia Pacific supplying countries. Initiative partners are engaged in three types of activities:

  • Analysing Chinese market trends and policies and the impacts and implications of these trends on China and supplying countries;
  • Strengthening networks of forest market and policy analysts and advocates in China and the East Asian region; and
  • Engaging policy and market leaders in China and key supplying countries in East Asia to advance pro-poor policy and market reforms.

Key partners include CIFOR, the Forest Economics and Development Research Center of the Chinese State Forest Administration (FEDRC), the World Agroforestry Center , the Chinese Academy of Forestry, the University of British Columbia , the Economic Research Institute of Khabarovsk, Russia , the Bureau for Regional Campaigns (BROC), and the Foundation for People and Community Development, Papua New Guinea . The initiative is primarily supported by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development.

Below is a list of publications and meetings the initiative has produced so far.

China and East Asia Program: Summary Overviews of Key Publications

Adding Value: Can Flegt Voluntary Partnership Agreements Lead To Increased Investment And Trade For Partner Countries?
by Dominic Elson


Recent Developments in Forest Product Trade between Russia and China: Potential Production, Processing, Consumption and Trade Scenarios
by Steven Northway, Gary Bull, Anatoly Shvidenko, Luke Bailey

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act: Implications for Exporters of Malaysian Forest Products
by R. Juge Gregg And Amelia Porges


Linking FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements to Jobs and Growth: Potential Challenges and Benefits for Small and Medium Sized Forest Enterprises
by Dominic Elson


Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act: Implications for Exporters of Indonesian Forest Products
by R. Juge Gregg And Amelia Porges

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act: Implications for Vietnamese Forest Products Exporters
by R. Juge Gregg And Amelia Porges

Vietnamese Version


Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act: Implications for Chinese Forest Products Exporters
by R. Juge Gregg And Amelia Porges

Chinese Version


Forest Products Trade Between China & Africa: An Analysis of Imports & Exports
by Kerstin Canby, James Hewitt, Luke Bailey, Eugenia Katsigris and Sun Xiufang


Investment in the Liberian Forest Sector: A Roadmap to Legal Forest Operations in Liberia
by John Woods, Arthur G. Blundell, Robert Simpson

The China-East Asia Information Bulletin Series:

China and the Global Market for Forest Products [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #1] (Chinese)

In the past ten years, China has become a global nexus in the forest products trade, dramatically increasing both its imports of raw wood and its exports of manufactured wood products. The increasing trade flows have frequently been associated with unsustainable harvesting, illegal logging and other abuses in the countries supplying China with timber. Thus, there is an urgent need for reform if the country is to meet its wood production targets, reduce its reliance on imports, alleviate rural poverty, and at the same time maintain or expand the environmental services that forests provide. This report explores what this means for China, as well as its largest export markets - including the US, EU and Japan - who rely on imports of Chinese furniture, paneling, and other processed forest products." (Summary of a larger report published by Forest Trends entitled, "China and the Global Market for Forest Products: Transforming Trade to Benefit Forests and Livelihoods", accessible here: http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/publications/China%20and%20the%20Global%20Forest%20Market-Forest%20Trends.pdf)

-Andy White (Rights and Resources Group), Xiufang Sun (Forest Trends), Kerstin Canby (Forest Trends), Jintao Xu (Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy), Christopher Barr (CIFOR), Eugenia Katsigris (Forest Trends), Gary Bull (University of British Columbia), Christopher Cossalter (CIFOR), Sten Nilsson (International Institue for Applied Systems Analysis). Mandarin Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun.

Illegal Logging Briefing Paper [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #2] (Chinese)

Illegal logging and the international trade in illegally logged timber is a major problem for many timber-producing countries in the developing world. It causes environmental damage, costs governments billions of dollars in lost revenue, promotes corruption, undermines the rule of law and good governance and funds armed conflict. It retards sustainable development in some of the poorest countries of the world. Consumer countries contribute to these problems by importing timber and wood products without ensuring that they are legally sourced. In recent years, however, producer and consumer countries alike have paid increasing attention to illegal logging, with many of their activities being triggered by the G8 Action Programme on Forests of 1998–2002. Whether these activities will be enough to control illegal activities and stem the trade in illegal timber and timber products, however, remains to be seen." (Translation of a briefing paper by Duncan Brack of the Energy, Environment and Development Programme, Chatham House UK. Available in English at: http://www.illegal-logging.info/papers/SDP_BP_05_02_Revised.pdf)

-Duncan Brack (Chatham House). Mandarin Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun.

Linking Timber Trade and Forest Practice: How the UK Uses Market Power to Tackle Illegal Logging [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #3] (Chinese)


The Government of the United Kingdom is widely seen as a leader in efforts to combat illegal logging and associated trade. UK government officials have been deeply engaged in dialogues aimed at increasing regional and international collaboration to tackle these problems, and their donor funding helps governments of timber producing countries by supporting improved governance in forestry and related sectors. Perhaps most importantly, the UK government promotes demand-side measures related to international trade, including its own timber procurement policy, to complement producing countries' law enforcement efforts.

-Forest Trends.  Edited by Kerstin Canby. Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun and Weng Qian.

Helping Liberia Escape Conflict Timber [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #5] | Chinese

In 2003, the United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on the international trade of round logs and timber products originating in Liberia in an effort to eliminate conflict timber used to fund the civil war that raged in Liberia. UN sanctions put an end to this trade in 2003; however, on June 20 2006, the UN Security Council voted unanimously in favor of lifting the timber sanctions be lifted. For Liberia's part, their legislature must pass a new forestry law within 90 days, or else the ban will be reinstated. However, the international community also has a crucial role to play in helping Liberia overcome its troubled recent history. Countries such as Europe and China, historically important to Liberia's forest products trade, have the opportunity to provide leadership through trade and procurement programs to complement the domestic reforms that Liberia must now implement.

-Kerstin Canby (Forest Trends). Mandarin Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun

The European Union's Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #6] (Chinese)


To build on a commitment taken at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, in May 2003 the Commission published an EU Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT). Council Conclusions were adopted in October 2003, and the European Parliament motion on the FLEGT action plan was adopted in February 2004. The Action Plan sets out a new and innovative approach to tackling illegal logging and associated trade, which links the push for good governance in developing countries with the legal instruments and leverage offered by the EU’s own internal market. The core components of the Action Plan are support for improved governance in wood-producing countries, and a licensing scheme to ensure only legal timber enters the EU. This licensing scheme will initially be implemented on a voluntary (but binding) basis, through a series of partnerships with wood-producing countries. Other areas where the Commission proposes action include co-operation with other major comsumer markets, such as the US and Japan, to stop the trade illegally-harvested timber; and efforts to ensure on legally-harvested timber is sourced through public procurement contracts in the EU. In this Information Brief, several briefing sheets on the EU FLEGT Action Plan have been summarized and translated into Mandarin Chinese. Original EU FLEGT Action Plan briefing sheets available (in English) at http://ec.europa.eu/comm/development/body/theme/forest/initiative/index_en.htm

-Mandarin Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun

Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #7] (Chinese)

China is the number one importer of the world’s wastepaper, taking in large amounts from the United States, Europe and Japan. Secondary fiber, comprised of locally-produced and imported wastepaper, now comprises 62.6% of China’s paper making fiber supply and is growing at an annual average rate of 12.5% per year. Imported wastepaper now makes up 33.1% of the total paper making fiber supply, having grown at an annual average of 29.8% for the past four years. The majority of this secondary fiber is being used for packaging of China’s burgeoning light manufactured exports. The sheer volume of China’s demand for wastepaper has been instrumental, not only in bringing stability to the market price-wise of wastepaper, but lifting those prices and thus incentives to invest in collection and processing facilities around the world. China has therefore been instrumental in keeping vast amounts of wastepaper out of landfill worldwide -- approximately 65 million tons (Mt) of wastepaper over the past decade. This wastepaper would have replaced 27.2 million green metric tones of wood in 2006 alone. Some of China’s other fiber sources, however, such as pulp and pulpwood sourced from Russia and Indonesia, which while not constituting a large proportion of China’s paper making fiber supply, should be considered high risk as these sources are likely coming from natural forests with little guarantee of sustainable let alone legal management and production.

-B. Stafford. Chinese translation by X. Sun.

Role Models in China’s Forest Products Industry: Companies Developing Chain-of-Custody Systems to Protect Against Illegal or Unsustainable Wood Sourcing [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #8]

The Chinese wood products industry has come under increasing international attention for its potential role in importing (and re-exporting) wood materials which cannot be verified as having come from sustainably managed or even legally harvested forests around the world. This situation does not mean that all production originating from Chinese mills is illegal, but it does highlight the problem is that proving legality is very difficult. In the past 2 years, several Chinese firms, supported by certified forest schemes in China and supplying countries, have taken a lead in changing the way they conduct business. They are beginning to implement chain-of-custody systems which can demonstrate legal and sustainable products from forest to end consumer. These firms are discovering that such systems can not only help to protect their market share in environmentally- sensitive markets such as Europe, Japan and North America, but even to gain market share. By helping to protect the international reputation of China’s wood products industry, these firms can serve as role models within China, especially for China’s export-oriented wood products industry. Learning from their experiences will be critical in expanding these good practices to other enterprises across China.

-M. Brady & Kerstin Canby. Chinese translation by X. Sun.

Why China Prefers Logs: Explaining the Prevalence of Unprocessed Wood in China’s Timber Imports [China-East Asia Info Bulletin #9]

In the past decade, China has become the number one importer of timber products in the world. Logs account for virtually all of this growth, and imports of even nominally processed wood, like sawn wood products, have stagnated. But the economics of importing unprocessed wood do not quite add up at first glance, especially in light of increasing scarcities, high prices, and spiraling transportation costs. This edition of the bulletin tackles the question of what then drives China's preference for buying logs instead of processed wood.

- Robert Kozak & Kerstin Canby. Chinese translation by Xiufang Sun.

More issues coming soon!

Publications of the China/Asia-Pacific initiative:

Forest Products Trade Between Russia & China: Potential Production, Processing, Consumption and Trade Scenarios
by Steven Northway and Gary Q. Bull


Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply
by Brian Stafford



Russian Logs In China: The Softwood Commodity Chain & Chinese Economic Development
by Song Weiming, Cheng Baodong, Zhang Shengdong and Meng Xianggang

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea: Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry:

  1. Please click here to see the press release associated with this report.

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea: Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry VOL. 1
by Forest Trends


Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea: Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry VOL. 2

by Forest Trends

Independent Forestry Reviews 2000-2005, VOL. 3

The reports of the independent audits - published between 2000 and 2005 - have not been easily available to the public to date. These documents may be downloaded as a single zipped file, or each section can be downloaded separately (NOTE: The full set of reviews is more than 16MB, so downloading this full version may take several minutes). Three sections are no longer available as part of a


1. Forest Harvesting Projects Under Development (4.5MB)
  This document was first published on the Prime Minster's website in April of 2001.

2. Forest Revenue System (.9MB)
  This document was first published on the Prime Minster's website in April of 2002.

3. Ombudsman Commission Report (10MB)
  Available from the PNG Parliament Library, where it was first posted in October 2002.

4. Disputed Timber Permits (3MB)
No Longer Available (Taken Down)

5. Current Logging Projects (25MB)
No Longer Available (Taken Down)

6. Compliance Audits (.8MB)
No Longer Available (Taken Down)

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