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Ecosystem Marketplace, Marketplace Mitigation Mail

February 23, 2010    

From the Editors

The Ecosystem Marketplace's Forest Carbon News
Tracking Terrestrial Carbon

So much has happened over the past few months – we almost don’t know where to begin!  From Copenhagen outcomes, to the launch of our State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 report and the new and improved Forest Carbon Portal – we’ve been working over time to bring you the latest in forest carbon developments.

State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009

On January 13th and 14th we launched the State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 report (in New York and Washington, DC, respectively), with generous support from the World Bank BioCarbon Fund, Biological Capital, Ecosystem Restoration Associates, and Baker McKenzie, as well as funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development and the Surdna Foundation.  One year in the making, Ecosystem Marketplace surveyed over 100 market participants, accounting for 230 projects spanning 40 countries and a 20-year time period.  Check out the Forest Carbon Portal to access the full report and results. 

In anticipation of Ecosystem Marketplace's next report - State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2010 - we ask that you please participate in our survey by February 26.  The State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2010 report represents the premiere report for the industry and we need full participation to ensure the market size is accurately reflected.  For any questions about confidentiality, content or report sponsorship, please contact Molly Peters Stanley at Ecosystem Marketplace ( or telephone (+1 202- 298-
3005) or Tom Marcello at Bloomberg New Energy Finance by email
 ( or telephone (+1 646-214-6172).  Otherwise, please click on the link below to complete the survey. We thank you in advance for your participation!

Launch of the New Forest Carbon Portal

On Friday February 19th, we began rolling out the latest, greatest Forest Carbon Portal. This new version offers a more interactive site where users can create profiles in the member directory, join and start discussions in ‘Carbon Connections,' comment on articles, upload projects, resources, events and job opportunities.  We hope the new portal will facilitate greater discussion and connectivity among forest carbon practitioners worldwide.  Don't worry about updating your bookmarks, because you can access the new Forest Carbon Portal from our regular site,  To take full advantage of these new functionalities, we invite our readers to create user profiles for our professional directory.  To access detailed instructions for creating a profile, click here.  To read an Ecosystem Marketplace article regarding the evolution of the Portal and the emerging Forest Carbon Portal community, click here.

Copenhagen Outcomes

As delegates returned from a dismal two weeks of negotiations in Copenhagen, one topic emerged as a ray of hope amidst the uncertainty.  Although it did not establish official guidelines as hoped, the Copenhagen Accord did set the stage for REDD as part of a broader climate change agreement to be revisited in 2010.  Many areas under debate will hopefully see heightened negotiation over the next year and an eventual agreement in Mexico City in 2010.  For an analysis of the outcome of Copenhagen in REDD+, read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, What does Copenhagen mean for the Private Sector in REDD-plus?

In fact, the REDD+ debate took many forms at Copenhagen, including a joint submission from a consortium of NGOs (among them Forest Trends) over the importance of responsible forestry as part of a REDD mechanism and the introduction of the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance’s new REDD + Social and Environmental standards, to name just two.  Along these lines, The UN Environment Programme’s World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), in collaboration with a range of organizations, participated in a study identifying areas where carbon and biodiversity benefits could be maximized, including global biodiversity hotspots.  

Leading up to Copenhagen, supporters were determined to quell concerns among REDD opponents over questions of measuring and monitoring.  Technological advancements included the release of Forest Monitoring for Action (FORMA), a new online tool that can monitor forest loss in areas as small as a square kilometer, an agreement between the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) to collaborate on emissions measuring and reporting, and Google’s new monitoring tool which merges data from Google Earth, the Carnegie Institution for Science and Imazon.  Finally, a landmark legal opinion concluded that Brazilian law gives the Suruí and other Indigenous Peoples who act as rainforest stewards the right to carbon credits generated under future global warming deals.  This outcome, supporting indigenous participation in carbon markets, has already generated global repercussions and will hopefully ease fears about the mechanism’s potential impact on Indigenous Peoples.

In conclusion, uncertainty following the Copenhagen discussions has been tempered by progress and enhanced support for an eventual REDD agreement.  We hope to see debate, support, and pilot projects continue to grow over the next year, as we wait anxiously for a finalized text and general consensus.  Check out the new Forest Carbon Portal for continued updates!

—The Ecosystem Marketplace Team

If you have comments or would like to submit news stories, write to us at


International Policy Update

Bridging the Public-Private Divide

Widely dismissed by many as a failure, the December climate-change conference made it clear that the private sector needs to take a more active role in finding solutions to global warming if disaster is to be averted.  This realization could lead to more cooperation between the private and public sectors, and more robust ecosystem markets around the world.

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here.

Blazing Trails for Forest Carbon Markets

Despite a disappointing Copenhagen Accord, negotiations did yield agreement on the need to develop financing mechanisms for REDD.  For forest carbon projects to be successful, however, the marketplace must become more trustworthy and transparent, in order to attract investors.  To promote these qualities, Ecosystem Marketplace surveyed over 100 market participants, accounting for 230 projects across 40 countries and spanning a 20-year time period.  The product of these efforts – the State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 report – documented the impact of carbon finance on more than two million hectares of forests, resulting in the capture of nearly 70 million tonnes of carbon in trees.  Among other findings, the report indicated a substantial shift in growth patterns over the past three years, during which these markets matured significantly.

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here

What does Copenhagen Mean for the Private Sector in REDD-Plus?

The Copenhagen Accord recognized the need for a mechanism to funnel money into projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation while promoting conservation, enhancement of forest carbon stocks and sustainable forest management (REDD+).  Ecosystem Marketplace digs into the December negotiating text offering a detailed summary of the most relevant sections and analyzes what the outcome means for private sector engagement.

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here.

Palm Oil to Trump REDD?

Using carbon markets to prevent deforestation in developing countries is unlikely to provide a high enough economic incentive to save tropical forests, a study published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology has found.  The study, “Preserving the World’s Tropical Forests: A Price on Carbon May Not Do” by Persson and Azar, concluded that “in almost all cases it is more profitable to clear forests for palm oil production, even when the carbon price on emissions from deforestation is taken into account.”  The study not only challenges low carbon prices (with REDD these prices range from $4-$10/tonne of CO2 emissions avoided), but also addresses the interconnection of energy and carbon markets. 

To read the Carbon Positive article, click here.

Push for Greener Efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean?

A new United Nations report calls for greater efforts to advance environmentally sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean, which has witnessed the constant reduction of forest areas and the sustained increase of carbon dioxide emissions.  According to the Millennium Development Goals, the rate of deforestation in the region is double the global average.  Between 1990 and 2005, the Economic and Social Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) reports that the region’s forest cover decreased by 7 percent, losing nearly 69 million hectares of forest.  

To read the UN News Centre article, click here

Amazon Cash Cow

According to Carbon Offsets Daily, the inclusion of UN REDD in a new agreement to extend or replace the Kyoto Protocol could spell big bucks for Brazilian Amazon conservation.  The Brazilian Association of Carbon Markets could generate up to US$16 billion annually in carbon credits for the protection of what has been called the “lungs of the earth.”  The Brazilian government, which had initially rejected the inclusion of UN-REDD in the Kyoto negotiations, is now ready to recognize the mechanism as stated in Copenhagen this December.  Beyond supporting UN-REDD, the Brazilian government proposed to reduce Amazon deforestation by 80 percent until 2020 in Copenhagen.  

To read the Carbon Offsets Daily article, click here

Joining Forces to Save Forests

Guyana and Norway have teamed up to show the world just how a developed/developing country partnership can save tropical forests.  On November 9th, President Bharrat Jagdeo of Guyana and Norway's Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim signed an agreement stipulating that Norway will invest up to $250 million to protect Guyana’s forests.  The Norway-Guyana agreement is one of the first to be signed under the REDD initiative.  Under the agreement, Norway will initially invest US $30 million into the Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund, with more to follow if measurable reductions are produced. While heavily forested now, much of Guyana's forested land is zoned for logging, and plans to avoid deforestation in Brazil could push logging across the border into Guyana.

To read the ENS Newswire article, click here

Forestry and Agriculture - United Front in Battle Against Climate Change

In an unprecedented collaborative effort, the International Federation of Agricultural Producers  joined the world’s major agricultural institutions to encourage negotiators at Copenhagen to recognize that forestry and agriculture are interlinked and part of the solution to climate change.  They came to the unanimous conclusion that forestry and agriculture are where poverty reduction, food security and climate change intersect and must be addressed in an integrated fashion by government negotiators at Cop 15.  A joint statement merged outcomes from three separate events held in the days prior: Agriculture and Rural Development Day, Forest Day Three and the FAO Climate Change and Food Security side event at a COP 15.  Among other items, collaborating institutions agreed that a REDD mechanism should include agriculture, forestry and other land uses.    

To access the Joint Statement, click here.

A Show of Unity over the Role of Responsible Forestry

A consortium of NGOs at Copenhagen – among them Forest Trends, the Nature Conservancy and Rainforest Alliance  – developed an official submission to the IPCCC about the role of responsible forestry in reducing carbon emissions. The group noted that responsible forestry was one way to derive benefits from standing forests and defined the practice as “operations that reduce the impact of logging, set aside high conservation value forests, and ensure the conservation of ecosystem services and biodiversity while protecting the rights of local and indigenous peoples to manage and use forest lands and resources.”  Furthermore, the consortium warned that if REDD excludes the possibility of nations managing forests for timber as part of their REDD programs, then far less forest area is likely to be conserved under a REDD mechanism. 

To access the official submission, click here.    

Project Development

GreenTrees is First Forestry Project Approved by American Carbon Registry

GreenTrees, America’s first and largest forest carbon origination pipeline, is the first forestry project to be approved  by the American Carbon Registry (ACR). ACR’s  approval indicates that, pending successful third-party verification, the GreenTrees project will be listed on the Registry and able to transact high-quality forest carbon offsets with significant environmental co-benefits.  Early this year GreenTrees became the first commercial greenhouse gas offset investment by Duke Energy.  Carey Crane, founding partner of GreenTrees, says “The focus of GreenTrees is to create a win-win for the private landowner, the environment and the economy. It enables private landowners to benefit from helping us establish a verifiable carbon offset market in the United States to address climate change, while also creating conservation and wildlife benefits along with bio-economic development opportunities for the Mississippi Alluvial Valley.”

To read the American Carbon Registry Press Release, click here.

Phase I in Poland Afforestation

Carbon Friendly Solutions Inc. announced it has submitted its Project Design Document (PDD) for VCS Validation with TüV SüD Carbon Management Service, in Germany, for its Phase I Warmian-Masurian, Poland Afforestation Project (the "Project").  The Project consists of 932.51 hectares of private lands, of which 4,084,972 trees were planted on 671.12 hectares. The Project land was aggregated and afforested in cooperation with CO2 Reduction Poland Sp. z o.o. and eight different private land owners over a 30 year project period and is located in the province of Warmian-Masurian, Northern Poland.

To read the PRNewswire article, click here

A Gold Star for Model Landowners

In recent months the Nature Conservancy and Blue Source launched Working Woodlands, a model forest conservation program that aims to protect forests and fight climate change through market-based incentives that reward landowners demonstrating exceptional forest management practices.  Designed to eliminate out-of-pocket, up-front costs for landowners, the program works on two fronts: the Conservancy will provide services for FSC certification, and Blue Source will provide financing for carbon credit development.  The resulting offsets will be added to Blue Source’s portfolio and marketed to companies interested in purchasing forest carbon credits to help manage their net greenhouse gas emissions.

To learn more about Working Woodlands, click here

Guyana Invites Bids to Develop its MRV System

Over the past year, Guyana has been engaged in activities at the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility level, as well as through a program of cooperation between Guyana and the Government of Norway on a REDD+ scheme.  These initiatives require Guyana to establish a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System as part of its readiness activities, for forest carbon stock. The Guyana Forestry Commission (GFC) has been tasked with overseeing the development and implementation of these activities.  Having commenced this process, the GFC has released an invitation for bids for the first aspect of this work, which relates to forest area assessments and change measurements, and hereby invites both commercial and non-commercial entities/organizations/bodies to submit proposals.   

To access the GFC website, click here.

National Strategy & Capacity Development

Indonesia On Its Own Against Climate Change

Indonesia’s leading climate change advisor said yesterday he thinks global consensus on climate change cannot be reached, but hinted at a national strategy currently underway that would allow Indonesia to move forward on tackling the effects of environmental degradation without waiting for another round of international negotiations.  In the absence of a binding agreement or definite financing mechanisms for REDD-plus, the head of the Indonesia Council on Climate Change says his country has gone further than any others in the region in drafting mitigation strategies. This means that Indonesia could emerge as a leader promoting climate change initiatives – specifically REDD-plus - across the developing world.

To read the article, click here

Launch of UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania

The official launch of the UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania brought together over 80 people from various national organizations, NGOs, government, and community groups.  In the spirit of national coordination, the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group Mjumita Community REDD project was also launched on the same occasion.  Dr. Kilahama, Director of the Tanzanian Forestry and Beekeeping Division, provided background on the momentum for REDD activities in Tanzania including the process of approval by the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board, and discussed the importance of the Programme helping to build capacity and to seek agreement from key stakeholders on a national REDD framework. A representative from the National REDD Task Force highlighted the major concerns in developing a National REDD Strategy in Tanzania, including the quality of databases and the lack of clear and coordinated institutional framework, as well as opportunities, such as the potential for contributing to national forest incomes.

To access the UN-REDD Programme article, click here.

Methodology & Standards Watch

Two New AFOLU Methodologies Posted

Two new Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use methodologies - Improved Forest Management - Logged to Protected Forest –  and a Baseline and Monitoring methodology for conservation projects that avoid planned land use conversion in peat swamp forests are being assessed under the Voluntary Carbon Standard double approval process.

To access the VCS website and methodology, click here.

CCB Introduces New Forestry Standard

The Climate Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standard has over 100 projects in its pipeline, more than half of which are designed to generate carbon credits by reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD).  In Copenhagen, the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) introduced the new "REDD + Social and Environmental" Standards, which build from the original standard.  In addition to the generation of co-benefits, REDD + SE will incorporate measures to guide governments in how to equitably conserve forests and other conservation settings not currently covered by CCB. 

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here

Promoting Biodiversity Co-Benefits in REDD

OECD produced a report examining how biodiversity co-benefits in REDD can be enhanced, both at the design and implementation level. It discusses potential biodiversity implications of different REDD design options that have been introduced in the international climate change negotiations and proceeds by examining how the creation of additional biodiversity-specific incentives could be used to complement a REDD mechanism, so as to target biodiversity benefits directly.

To access the OECD Working Paper, click here.

UNFF and CBD Partner on Sustainable Forest Management

The Secretariats of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF) signed a Memorandum of Understanding at Copenhagen to strengthen joint actions to ensure that forests are sustainably managed.  The MOU originated from a request made by their respective governing bodies and will enable the two processes and their stakeholders to strengthen the resilience of forests, and to maintain the support forests can provide to societies, in particular the world’s rural poor, in facing climate change impacts.

To access the Climate-L article and Communique, click here.

Science & Technology Review

An Online Advocate in Tropical Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring for Action (FORMA), a new online tool, is making it easier to monitor forest loss in areas as small as a square kilometer.  FORMA processes data from NASA and other sources to produce detailed maps of deforestation hotspots updated monthly as new satellite data becomes available. This new tool will help to facilitate partnerships between developed and developing nations, providing critical local-level deforestation data to forestry authorities in developing countries.  FORMA can also facilitate research on which forest preservation schemes work best in what circumstances.

To access the Center for Global Development article, click here.

FAO and Brazilian Space Institute Sign Forest Monitoring Agreement

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization and Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) have signed an agreement to collaborate on emissions measuring and reporting.  As participation in UN-REDD requires monitoring, reporting and verification, INPE’s cutting edge monitoring activities may help create a necessary forest monitoring system for developing countries.

To access the Climate-L article, click here.

REDD May Put Non-forest Ecosystems in The Red?

Scientists fear that REDD may bias conservation decisions away from ecologically-important ecosystems that are low in biomass.  These lands may then be at a greater risk for conversion to agriculture or biofuel plantations as developers seek alternative lands for exploitation.  As such, REDD could increase the cost of conserving non-tropical forest ecosystems. By some estimates, up to 50% of tropical biodiversity hotspot areas could be excluded from REDD due to the high cost of protection, a result of both their low carbon density and increased land values resulting from development displaced from REDD-compensated forest areas.  To counter this risk, the authors argue for a separate payments-for-biodiversity system, made using non-carbon market financing, to counter this risk.

To read the Mongabay article, click here.

Google Keeping an Eye on Forests

Google may have an answer to doubts surrounding the ability to monitor deforestation.  The media giant’s new tool marries data from its Google Earth mapping service with measurement software developed by Greg Asner of Carnegie Institution for Science and Carlos Souza of Imazon.  Google then throws this all together into a tool that sits in Google’s “cloud” — cloud computing is distributed, on demand, scalable computing — and offers it up to researchers and policy makers via the web.  Google says the deforestation measurement tool, which isn’t yet publicly available, will provide this valuable deforestation information more quickly, easily, and cheaply, and highlights the role that information and communication technology can play in fighting climate change.

To read the Earth2Tech article, click here.

The Human Dimension

City Dwellers Drive Deforestation?

Globally, roughly 13 million hectares of forest fall to the blade or fire each year. Such deforestation has long been driven by farmers eking out a slash-and-burn living or loggers using new roads to cut inroads into pristine forest. But now new data appears to show that, at least for the first five years of the 21st century, big block clearings that reflect industrial deforestation have come to dominate, rather than smaller-scale efforts that leave behind long, narrow swaths of cleared land.  Meaning demand from urban areas may be the primary driver of the loss of trees--a shift from the patterns of the past.

To read the Scientific American article, click here.

Brazilian Tribe Solidifies Claim on Carbon

Although they first crossed paths in the early 1990s, the working relationship between Chief Almir Narayamoga Suruí and Beto Borges (director of Forest Trend's Communities and Markets program) began in 2007, when Chief Almir called in need of funding to plant trees on his tribal land.  Borges explained to Chief Almir – who had already devised a 50-yr development plan for his tribe – that the Suruí could earn carbon credits by acting as land stewards under the REDD mechanism.  The partnership has since blossomed, culminating in the landmark legal opinion from international law firm Baker & McKenzie, which concluded that Brazilian law gives the Suruí and other indigenous people who save and manage existing rainforests the right to carbon credits generated under future global warming deals.   Although not yet tested in court, if the finding leads to a legal opinion in a court of law, it could respond to REDD opponents who fear such schemes could lead to land grabs that decimate tribes. 

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here

Publications and Tools

The New FCP: Forging the Global Forest Carbon Community

Market squares and meeting halls have long provided places for buyers and sellers to swap not only bids, offers, and products, but also ideas. Now Ecosystem Marketplace’s Forest Carbon Portal (FCP) does the same, with a user-generated community-oriented upgrade that puts control in the hands of participants. The new FCP offers users the ability to pose questions to a large audience, as well as to join or start discussions related to forest/terrestrial carbon issues in 'Carbon Connections,' our new discussion forum. 'Carbon Connections' will also soon function as a news bulletin, sending subscribers daily emails of topics and announcements posted (similar to the Climate-L Forum, our own favorite source).  In addition, users will also be divided into 3 categories according to their user permissions and rights.  All users will be able to message other members, comment on articles, upload resources, events and job opportunties, and participate in 'Carbon Connections.'

To read the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here.  

Launch of the New and Improved Forest Carbon Portal

On February 19th,  Ecosystem Marketplace launched a new and improved version of the Forest Carbon Portal.  This latest version offers a more interactive site where users can create profiles in the member directory, join and start discussions in ‘Carbon Connections’, comment on articles, upload projects, resources, events and job opportunities.  We hope the new portal will facilitate greater discussion and connectivity among forest carbon practitioners worldwide. To help seed one of the new functions of the site, we would appreciate it if our readers could create profiles of yourselves when you get a chance. It takes about 5 minutes to do and you can find detailed instructions on creating a profile and starting a discussion here.  Don't worry about updating your bookmarks, as the address is still

Launch of the State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 Report

Despite disappointment shrouding the Copenhagen Accord, a strong consensus emerged over the need to develop financing mechanisms for REDD.  To make REDD reality, however, the forestry markets must become more transparent and trustworthy to attract investors.  To enhance these qualities, Ecosystem Marketplace spent the past year surveying over 100 market participants, accounting for 230 projects generating carbon credits across 40 countries and a 20- year time period.  The result of these efforts is State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009: Taking Root & Branching Out, released January 13th.  Respondents documented the impact of carbon finance on more than two million hectares of forests over the past 20 years. That impact has resulted in the capture of nearly 70 million tonnes of carbon (MtCO2) in trees – although the bulk of this can be attributed to one massive project in the early 1990s that captured 47 MtCO2.  The findings also indicate substantial shifts in growth patterns over the past three years, during which these markets have matured substantially. 

To access the Ecosystem Marketplace article, click here.

Powerpoint Presentation - State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009

For an overview of the major findings from Ecosystem Marketplace's State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 report, please see our new Powerpoint presentation. This presentation summarizes the main points in a format conducive to presentations and quick reviews.

To access the Ecosystem Marketplace presentation, click here.

FAO Launches Website on Assisted Natural Forest Regeneration

This month the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) launched a new website on assisted natural regeneration (ANR) of forests, an effective and low cost forest and biodiversity restoration and rehabilitation method. ANR is especially important and useful in the face of climate change and the rapid loss of forests and their biodiversity. The new website explains that ANR aims to accelerate, rather than replace, natural successional processes by removing or reducing barriers to natural forest regeneration such as soil degradation, competition with weedy species and recurring disturbances.

To read the Climate-L article and explore the website, click here

Field Briefing Paper on REDD-plus Negotiations in Bangkok

This briefing paper provides a summary of the recent REDD-plus negotiations in Bangkok. The briefing paper then considers the resumed seventh session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA7) in Barcelona, followed by a section on references to REDD-plus in non papers that deal with other issues than REDD-plus. In conclusion the briefing paper provides a short section on the resumed ninth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP9) in Barcelona.

To access the Field Briefing paper, click here

New Report: REDD Realities

REDD is often presented as a win-win situation; climate, forests, and people would all benefit. But how does a theoretical success work on the ground in places where legislation on biodiversity is weak and where safeguards to protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples hardly exist?  The new report ‘REDD Realities’ explores this question. Nine member organizations of the Global Forest Coalition examined REDD strategies and activities in their countries. The studies result in a palette with different shades of ‘REDD’.  Some of the conclusions include a general lack of information about REDD amongst indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities, a lack of reference to gender in most REDD strategies, the risk of expansion of plantations and genetically modified trees under current agreements and many more.

To access the Global Forest Coalition report, click here.

The Little REDD Book – Updated

The Global Canopy Programme has recently released an updated version of the Little REDD Book with the latest positions of Parties on REDD+.   This third edition of is available at The REDD Desk an online platform for collaboration and sharing information on REDD.

To download the updated Little REDD Book, click here.

RFF and Climate Advisers Unveil Forest Carbon Index

Developed by Resources for the Future and Climate Advisers, the new Forest Carbon Index provides governments, development agencies, NGOs, and private investors with geospatial data on global, national, and local forest carbon supply, explicitly accounting for country-specific economic, biological, and risk factors.  The Index integrates 27 datasets and maps them across approximately one-and-a-half million locations, creating the clearest picture yet of how forests are likely to feature in climate solutions.  The Index demonstrates that forest conservation can account for 25 percent of global climate solutions through 2020, saving the world approximately $40 billion over this period. To unlock these savings, developed countries and their private sectors will need to invest $20 billion annually in tropical forest conservation, creating new development opportunities as well as risks for local communities.

To access the Resources for the Future article, click here.

Two new reports highlight issues with REDD in the Congo Basin

The Congo Basin forest is the second largest in the world after the Amazon.  With one quarter of the world’s remaining tropical forest and an area of 1.8 million square kilometers – it’s crucial that a final REDD policy functions in the Congo Basin.  Two new reports critically assess the potential for REDD in the Congo Basin.  The first, “Global Climate Politics in the Congo Basin: Unprecedented Opportunity or High-risk Gamble?” explores REDD’s role in creating a space to explore questions of governance, corruption, land tenure, and the rights of indigenous peoples.   The role of the World Bank, through the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, is under particular scrutiny in this report.  The second report, “Why Congo Basin countries stand to lose out from a market based REDD,“ examines problems involved with setting a baseline for deforestation. 

To access the REDD-Monitor article, click here.

Mapping the Climate Change and Biodiversity Impacts of REDD

The UN Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), in collaboration with a range of organizations, has participated in a study that identifies areas where carbon and biodiversity benefits can be maximized, including global biodiversity hotspots.  The resulting paper, titled “Global Congruence between carbon and biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems,” was published in Conservation Letters and underlines the multiple benefits and challenges to high biodiversity areas from a possible REDD mechanism.  The study also highlights areas where carbon funding could serve as crucial complementary to biodiversity initiatives.

To access the Climate-L article and UNEP Press Release, click here.

Network for Equity in Forest Climate Policy Launched

REDD-net is an international knowledge forum supporting southern civil society efforts to champion the interests of local people in REDD.  With its regional bulletins, country and thematic analyses, resource center, and online forum, the network is an excellent source for the latest information on REDD and equity. REDD-net is a global effort coordinated by ODI, partnering with UCSD in Africa, RECOFTC in Asia, and CATIE in Latin America.

To visit REDD-net, click here.

ASB Partnership for Tropical Forest Margins and the World Agroforestry Centre Release Briefs on Emissions from All Land Uses

The Alternatives to Slash and Burn (ASB) Partnership for Tropical Forest Margins and the World Agroforestry Centre, members of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), have released two policy briefs on the implications of ambiguous forest definitions for a REDD-plus mechanism and on the case for moving towards a Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) mechanism under the UNFCCC.  The papers highlight questions regarding eligibility of landscapes for participation in REDD-plus based on current definitions for forests. They note the dangers of emissions leakage if there is no accounting of all land-use categories and underscore the importance of non-forested land uses, such as peatlands, to the global carbon cycle.

To access the Climate-L article and World Agroforestry Centre Press Release, click here.



Click here to access the Forest Carbon Portal's Calendar of Events.

JOB VACANCY: REDD GIS Baseline Deforestation Modeler

Employer: Carbon Decisions International
Duty Station: Lima/Peru or San Jose/Costa Rica
Deadline for Applications: until positions are filled
Contact Person:
Special Requirements: English, Spanish and/or Portuguese

JOB VACANCY: Project Manager

Employer: South Pole Carbon Asset Management Ltd
Duty Station: Jakarta, Indonesia
Deadline for Applications: until position is filled
Contact Person:
Responsibilities include:

  • Implementing carbon credit projects under the CDM or the VCS
  • Supporting the business development team in the assessment of potential projects
  • Preparing monitoring plans, monitoring protocols for already registered CDM/VCS projects in accordance with the documentation submitted to the CDM or VCS, and provide training to clients on the implementation of the monitoring plan and the monitoring protocol
For a complete position description, click here.

JOB VACANCY: CDM Project Implementation Manager

Employer: South Pole Carbon Asset Management Ltd.
Duty Station: Mexico City, Mexico
Deadline for Applications: until position is filled
Contact Person:
Responsibilities include:

  • Managing the CDM/VER project cycle from PDD to successful registration
  • Interacting with project developers and maintaining good client relationships
  • Working with project partners and third parties preparing validation of projects including technical analysis
For a complete position description, click here.

JOB VACANCY: AFOLU Carbon Account and Remote Sensing Specialist

Employer: Terra Global Capital, LLC
Term: Full-time
Location: San Francisco (preferred)

Responsibilities include:
  • Execute the workflow of remote sensing analysis (data acquisition, re-projection, geometric correction, radiometric correction, classification, and map production).
  • Visit project sites in the U.S. and developing countries for mapping and to collect ground-truthing data.
  • Execute land-use change modeling and carbon accounting.
  • Support writing of technical portions of carbon feasibility reports, grant proposals, AFOLU methodologies, and AFOLU project design documents.
For more details contact Leslie Durschinger at, and a full position description, click here.

JOB VACANCY: Project Manager - Congo Basin Forests and Climate

Department: People & Ecosystems
Employer: World Resources Institute
Duty Station: Washington, DC with extended stays in Central Africa

The People & Ecosystems Program at the World Resources Institute (WRI) seeks a results-oriented project manager to lead WRI activities at the nexus of forests and climate in the Congo Basin. To begin, the successful candidate will lead a three-year project to improve detection (via remote sensing) and quantification of deforestation, forest degradation, and the associated carbon emissions in the forests of Cameroon and the Republic of Congo. In addition, the project will build the capacity of local institutions and government agencies to conduct this measurement and monitoring on an ongoing, consistent basis.
    For a full job description, click here.

    JOB VACANCY: Forest Initiative Director

    Department: People & Ecosystems
    Employer: World Resources Institute
    Duty Station: Washington, D.C.

    The World Resources Institute (WRI) is seeking a Director to lead WRI’s Forest Initiative and refine and expand its activities. In addition, the position will develop and lead a number of new projects—particularly in the Amazon Basin—that contribute to the success of the Initiative. The ideal candidate for this position is one with expertise in the social, political, and economic dimensions of sustainable forest management and the agriculture/forest frontier, complementing the strong technical expertise (e.g., silviculture, remote sensing) of WRI’s existing forest team. 

    For a full job description, click here.


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