East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group
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June 2, 2010

FROM THE EDITOR

Dear Katoomba Members,


Greetings and welcome to the May edition of the East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group e-newsletter. Our newsletter aims to keep our readers aware of the latest news and events relating to payments for ecosystem services (PES) around the world. We welcome your feedback, comments and suggestions, including any articles that you may wish to share with our readers. Please send them by e-mail to snamirembe@forest-trends.org


Yours sincerely,

Sara Namirembe

Coordinator, Katoomba Incubator, East and Southern Africa

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. ESA Katoomba News

2. New PES Related News from the Region

3. News from Across the Ocean

4. Other Related News

5. Upcoming Events

6. Resources & Tools

7. New Publications

ESA Katoomba News

UGANDA KICKS OFF THE NATIONAL REDD PREPAREDNESS PROCESS

Uganda has convened the first Working Group meeting for REDD preparedness under the support of World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility.  National, regional and special-groups consultations are underway.  Katoomba ESA will play a key role in developing the Readiness Preparation Proposal.


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MANAGING THE EQUITY-EFFICIENCY-EFFECTIVENESS TRADE-OFF IN PES

A CARE/UNEP workshop on Equitable Payments for Ecosystem Services conducted on April 14-16 2010 in Nairobi, sought to share experiences and lessons in the achievement of equitable approaches in the payment for ecosystem services (mainly carbon, biodiversity and watershed).  Discussions with implementers of PES projects in Eastern Africa and Asia dwelt on how trade-offs in terms of efficiency and effectiveness were managed.  ESA Katoomba members who participated included ECOTRUST, Nature Harness Initiatives, PRESA, Vi Agroforestry, Green Resources and many others.

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New PES Related News from the Region

UN-REDD FUNDS FOR BOLIVIA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO AND ZAMBIA

The UN-REDD Programme Policy Board in its fourth meeting, 18-19 March 2010, in Nairobi, approved US$14.7 million in funding for national UN-REDD programmes in Bolivia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia. This decision brings the total amount of funding for UN-REDD national programmes to US$48.3 million. The Board also approved an additional US$3.8 million for global programme activities that will fund measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) activities, and support indigenous people/civil society engagement on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, including conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+). 

http://www.un-redd.org/NewsCentre/Policy_Board_four_Press_release/tabid/3545/ language/en-US/Default.aspx


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ZAMBIA RAISES OVER US $1 MILLION FROM CARBON EMISSION TAX IN 2010


Mr. Muyangwa, the Zambia Revenue Authority Commissioner for Customs said that the Road Transport and Safety Agency acting on behalf of the Zambia Revenue Agency collected US$1.2 million in carbon emission taxes in January for cars using designated roads in the country. He said that in addition, the Zambia Revenue Authority collected US$382,000 at border points on new cars entering the country during the same period. 

http://steelguru.com/news/metals_news/MTM4NTk0/Zambia_rose_USD_1_million_in_carbon_emission_tax_at_2010_-_Mr_Muyangwa.html


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UN, MALAWI SIGN CLIMATE CHANGE MANAGEMENT PROJECT DEAL

Malawi, UN Development Programme (UNDP) and other donor partners on April 9, 2010 signed the formulation phase project document for managing climate change in the country, which will cost nearly US$4,152,399 (MWK 2 billion). Development Planning and Cooperation Minister Abbie Marambika Shawa said his government had included climate change, natural resources and environment management as some of the key priority areas in its development agenda.

http//www.africaclimatesolution.org/news.php?id=7321


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NEW MARINE CENTRE TO STUDY AFRICA’S CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGES

A new collaboration between Norway and South Africa will collect oceanic data to help better understand and cope with the effects of climate change across Africa. The Nansen-Tutu Centre for Marine Environmental Research was launched on 20 May 28, 2010 in Cape Town, South Africa. It will gather information on the three oceans surrounding southern Africa — the South Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean. The centre — a collaboration between the University of Cape Town Marine Research (MA-RE) Institute and the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre (NERSC) in Norway — will carry out systematic and long-term measurements of the oceans. It will also develop new methods of data integration. The research will focus on modelling the state of the oceans, the marine environment and ecosystems, and the relationship between climate anomalies in different parts of the world. 

http://www.ngonewsafrica.org/2010/05/south-africa-new-marine-centre-to-study.html


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News from Across the Ocean

OSLO MEETING REACHES AGREEMENT ON FINANCING AND QUICK-START MEASURES FOR REDD

Representatives of 50 countries met in Oslo, Norway, to conclude an agreement on financing and a framework to rapidly operationalize measures for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). Countries also pledged almost US$4 billion to quick-start implementation between 2010-2012.

The Declaration describes the intent of partner governments to provide a voluntary, non-legally binding framework for the interim REDD+ partnership, whose purpose is to serve as an interim platform for partner governments to take immediate action to scale up REDD+ actions and finance, while a future mechanism under the UNFCCC is negotiated and implemented.  Japan and Papua New Guinea (PNG) were elected to Co-Chair the Partnership representing developed and developing countries respectively for the next six months. 

"This could be an important step forward in the run-up to the climate negotiations in Mexico later this year,” said Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg at the Oslo Climate and Forest Conference. 

http://climate-l.org/2010/05/28/oslo-meeting-reaches-agreement-on-financing-and-quick-start-measures-for-redd/


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GLOBAL SIGN-ON CAMPAIGN AGAINST SCHEMES FOR REDD

As part of a mounting global civil society criticism of ineffective and unjust solutions to climate change – including carbon trading and geo-engineering – representatives of peoples’ movements and independent organizations oppose the schemes for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) currently being formulated under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – and already piloted in schemes such as the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and the United Nations REDD Programme. They say the proposed UN climate negotiator’s ‘forest deal’ jeopardizes the human future by serving to further entrench fossil fuel use – the major cause of the climate crisis – while at the same time failing to safeguard the future of forests and the rights of Indigenous People and forest-dependent communities over their territories and knowledge. They say there is a clear disregard from Northern countries to address the high levels of consumption in those countries as a driver of deforestation and warn that the projected growth of carbon markets in the US, Australia and elsewhere is set to trigger a huge new demand for imported pollution rights to allow industrialized countries and industries to continue business as usual and avoid emissions cuts at home.

http://www.durbanclimatejustice.org/press-releases/durban-statement-on-redd.html


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NORWAY PLEDGES $1B FOR CARBON CUT

Norway pledged US$1 billion in grants to help Indonesia reduce forest degradation. The financial pledge on climate change was made during a meeting between senior officials from the two countries in Oslo. “The cooperation convinces us that there will be international funding if we reduce emissions from forest and peat land areas,” the special assistant to President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on climate change issues, Agus Purnomo, told The Jakarta Post. Agus, who represented the Indonesian government at the Oslo meeting, said that Norway was the first country that had shown a commitment to help finance emissions reductions in the forestry sector. He said that the money would also be used to set up an institution and legal instruments needed to enable verification of emission cuts in the field. “All emission cuts should be tested with MRV mechanisms,” he said.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/05/17/norway-pledges-1b-carbon-cut.html


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Other Related News

CSO REPRESENTATIVE REVIEWS UN-REDD AND WORLD BANK’S FOREST CARBON FACILITY

Global Witness, a non-governmental organization (NGO) representing civil society on the UN-REDD Policy Board, has submitted an assessment of the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Readiness-Preparation Proposals (R-PPs) and Joint Program Documents (JPDs) of the UN-REDD Programme. 

Based on the R-PPs that were considered at the FCPF’s fifth Participants Committee meeting in Gabon, March 22-26, 2010, and the JPDs that were discussed at the Fourth Policy Board meeting in Kenya, March 18-19, 2010, the assessment examines how illegality and enforcement issues are addressed, the systems proposed to monitor REDD non-carbon benefits and impacts, and system(s) under consideration for independent monitoring. The assessment notes that the primary focus is on measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of carbon emissions and removals, but there is little detail on potential systems for monitoring governance and other non-carbon social and environmental benefits and impacts. It also advises that many of the proposed readiness activities will not immediately or directly reduce carbon emissions, and will need to be assessed in other terms. It recommends that the FCPF, UN-REDD Programme and the international community provide further guidance on non-carbon monitoring.

http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=1788&Item=53  


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SCIENTISTS HOLD CLIMATE TALKS IN KENYA

Scientists from 14 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa gathered in Nairobi, March 29, 2010, to address the role of sustainable agriculture, forestry and agro-forestry in the fight against climate change. The workshop, co-hosted by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the World Agro-forestry Centre, was expected to determine research priorities and the next steps for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) and agriculture in the region. The Africa Bio-Carbon initiative, led by COMESA, seeks to boost commitments and investments in sustainable agriculture, forestry and agro-forestry, so that rural communities can better adapt to a changing climate, as well as contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. 

http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Scientists-hold-climate-talks-in-Kenya-7943.html#ixzz0kVApfyDK


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ADDITIONAL FINANCING TO SUPPORT RENEWEABLE ENERGY PROJECTS FOR RURAL TANZANIA

The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved an additional International Development Association (IDA) credit of US$25 million to Tanzania’s Energy Development and Access Expansion Project (TEDAP). This adds to the IDA credit of US$105 million and the Global Environment Facility grant of US$6.5 million originally approved for this project in December 2007.  The project aims at improving the quality and efficiency of electricity service provision in the three main growth centers of Dar es Salaam, Arusha, and Kilimanjaro, and to establish a sustainable basis for energy access expansion and renewable energy that will contribute to global CO2 emissions reductions.  

http://imagebank.worldbank.org/


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PAYMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES (PES) IN EASTERN AND CENTRAL AFRICA - CALL FOR PAPERS

October 20-22, 2010

Jinja, Uganda


Individuals and institutions working in payments for environmental services are invited to submit papers to the International Conference on Payments for Ecosystem Services in the Eastern and Central Africa Sub-Region.  The conference aims at addressing the challenges faced in embracing payments for environmental services in Africa. Discussions will focus on watershed management, carbon sequestration, and the institutional and policy issues necessary for implementing sustainable Payment for Environmental Services (PES) schemes. Keynote speakers will discuss current and emerging environmental issues related to the East and Central African landscapes. They will also talk about the opportunities presented by PES schemes to local communities and for environmental conservation.

http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/blog/2010/05/18/payments-for-environmental-service-pes-papers-wanted/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ICRAF-PRESA+(PRESA+-+Pro-poor+Rewards+for+Environmental+Services+in+Africa)


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Upcoming Events

KATOOMBA INCUBATOR PROJECT CLINIC, EASTERN AFRICA 2010

June 9-11, 2010

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania


The Katoomba Incubator Project Clinic will facilitate interfacing between leading experts in various aspects of carbon project development and implementers of promising project initiatives. It will go a step beyond high-level introductory seminars on forest carbon and REDD and focus in on specific technical, monitoring, and social aspects of concrete project opportunities to build capacity in a focused way. A major part of the clinic will include a review of project implementation process and resources available to provide expert feedback on methodological and project development issues previously identified with project partners. 


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Resources & Tools

FAO RELEASES EX-ANTE CARBON ACCOUNTING TOOL FOR AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has released EX-ACT (EX-ante Appraisal Carbon-balance Tool), a land-based accounting tool that provides ex-ante measurements of the impacts of agriculture and forestry projects on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and carbon sequestration. The tool requires project designers to compile: a general description of the project; the identification of changes in land use and technologies foreseen by project components using specific "modules" (deforestation, afforestation and reforestation, annual/perennial crops, rice cultivation, grasslands, livestock, inputs, energy); and the computation of carbon-balance with and without the project. EX-ACT was designed jointly by: FAO - Policy Assistance and Resource Mobilization Division, Investment Centre Division, and Agricultural Development and Economics Division.

http://www.fao.org/easypol/output/detail_event.asp?event_id=39334


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NEW ECOTRUST TOOL PROVIDES PATH TO CARBON MARKETS FOR FOREST OWNERS

Ecotrust announced the approval of a methodology for launching forest carbon projects that will make it much easier for forest managers around the globe to participate in both the voluntary and emerging compliance carbon markets. Ecotrust's work represents the first Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) methodology to have completed the Voluntary Carbon Standard's (VCS) double approval process. This methodology defines a
common way for landowners to quantify the additional amounts of carbon they will store in forests as a result of more ecologically-friendly management practices. Here's how the methodology works: forest managers who want to sell carbon offsets must first demonstrate that their harvest activities store more carbon than standard harvest practices in their region.
They must also show a commitment to becoming Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified. Once these eligibility requirements are met, a forest manager defines the management activities that they will undertake and determines a baseline against which the project
will be compared. 

http://www.sustainablebusinessoregon.com/articles/2010/05/new_ecotrust_tool_provides_path_to_carbon_markets_for_forest_owners.html


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NASA ANNOUNCES A NEW APPROACH TO EARTH SCIENCE DATA ANALYSIS

A new initiative at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) integrates supercomputers with global satellite observations and sophisticated models of the Earth system in an online collaborative environment. As part of its celebration of Earth Week, NASA unveiled the NASA Earth Exchange (NEX) at a “Green Earth” public forum held at the NASA Exploration Center, Moffett Field, CaliforniaBy making NEX available, NASA expects to better enable scientists to collaboratively conduct research and address the impacts of changes in climate and land use patterns on ecosystems. NEX will link NASA’s supercomputing resources with massive earth system data sets, and provide a collection of tools for analysis and visualization. 

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/news/releases/2010/10-33AR.html


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New Publications

REDD, FOREST GOVERNANCE AND RURAL LIVELIHOODS: THE EMERGING AGENDA

CIFOR, APRIL 2010

The report addresses how reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) initiatives are likely to interact with the interests of the local communities and indigenous groups. It examines the UNFCCC REDD negotiations and lessons from past experiences with forest management and land tenure, payments for environmental services, the Clean Development Mechanism and Voluntary Carbon Projects. Experiences are also presented based on pilot REDD projects and REDD readiness in Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Tanzania, Madagascar and Nepal.

http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/Knowledge/Publications/Detail?pid=3052


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GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY- A NOBEL CAUSE

The book builds upon the debates of the Potsdam Nobel Laureates Symposium, which in 2007 brought together Nobel Prize winners, renowned scientific experts and other eminent public stakeholders to discuss issues of climate change, energy security, sustainable land use and equitable development. With its mixture of thought-provoking essays and scientific texts, it addresses a broad audience, from the expert to the interested layperson. In times of re-orientation after Copenhagen, the book provides a holistic picture that may serve as a guidepost for new international sustainability initiatives to be taken. It features an article by Wangari Maathai on Carbon justice and forestation – the African perspective.

http://www.nobel-cause.de/book/global-sustainability


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NEWSLETTERS

We invite you to look at the Katoomba Group’s other newsletters.

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