East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group
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February 25, 2010

FROM THE EDITOR

Dear Katoomba Members,
 
Welcome to the February 2010 edition of the East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group e-newsletter.  Our newsletter aims to keep our readers aware of the latest news and events relating to payments for ecosystem services (PES) around the world. We welcome your feedback, comments and suggestions, including any articles that you may wish to share with our readers. Please send them by e-mail to snamirembe@forest-trends.org


Yours sincerely
 
Sara Namirembe
Coordinator, Katoomba Group Ecosystem Services Incubator

East and Southern Africa


 Follow us on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/ESAKatoomba

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. ESA Katoomba News

2. New PES Related News from the Region

3. News from Across the Ocean

4. Other Related News

5. Upcoming Events

6. Resources & Tools

7. New Publications

ESA Katoomba News

FIRST EVER "MARINE & COASTAL PES KATOOMBA MEETING" HELD IN CALIFORNIA

The Katoomba Group held its first ever “Marine & Coastal Katoomba Meeting” focused on the role that payments for ecosystem services (PES) can play in promoting sustainable use of ocean resources. The meeting capitalized on ever-expanding interest in finding innovative solutions to conserve our marine environment and resources, in order to safeguard human well being. Rather than focusing on fishery catch shares, quota markets, and the state of existing marine and coastal markets, the meeting instead concentrated on developing new financing tools and approaches and expanding the use of market-based mechanisms to other services, such as coastline stabilization, beach maintenance and production, fish nursery functions of mangroves and sea grass beds, coastal water quality and ocean carbon storage


This meeting was the first in a series to strategize and develop action plans for realizing the potential of market-based mechanisms as a tool for conserving marine ecosystems and their services.


  – For more information visit

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New PES Related News from the Region

LARGEST FOREST AND CARBON PROJECT IN AFRICA LAUNCHED IN MOZAMBIQUE

The Government of Mozambique has authorized the implementation of the Lurio forestry plantation and carbon sequestration project by Green Resources AS, Norway.   Green Resources will develop 126,000 hectares forest plantation for carbon sequestration, as well as producing wood for building materials, energy and pulp. In addition, Green Resources will assist in the establishment of 54,000 ha forests by local smallholders and companies. The new forest will be established on grassland and heavily degraded forestland.  The natural forest and wetlands within the area will be protected and set aside for conservation.  Green Resources’ operations will be FSC certified, the most demanding international certification for sustainable forest management. The Lurio project is projected to absorb more than 30 million tons of CO2 and make a significant contribution to the global fight against climate change


  The 15 years project is the largest forestation project approved in Africa.  The Government’s authorisation is based on a Framework Agreement signed in March 2009 allowing Green Resources to develop a feasibility study and proposal for a major forestation project in Nampula and Cabo Delgado provinces, based on a 50 years renewable land lease.



  – For more details on the project visit

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PAYMENT FOR WATERSHED SERVICES IN NAIVASHA, KENYA

The Worldwide Fund for nature (WWF) and CARE have entered into joint global partnership for implementing an environment rewards scheme in Lake Naivasha where those who benefit for environmental stewardship reward land managers whose land use interventions provide quality water. The Lake Naivasha basin is located in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya and has a total area of 1,700 square kilometers, with altitude ranging from 1,887 to 3,906 metres above sea level. Major threats to ecosystems in the Lake Naivasha landscape emanate from watershed environmental degradation, unregulated and excessive water abstraction for domestic and agricultural use, poor land use practices, weak policy enforcement, water pollution and high poverty prevalence. The trend leads to significant environmental degradation, biodiversity losses, economic losses and worsening poverty.


Downstream water users in the Lake Naivasha basin depend on upstream communities who are charged with the protection of the watersheds to ensure enough flow of good quality water for downstream use. Since upstream communities forego some land use activities for the sake of conservation, the downstream communities are expected to give incentives to the upstream communities to motivate them in their services.  


The project is linking the down stream and upstream users for better management of water resources. The payment for environmental services scheme promises to give new lease of life to lake Naivasha, its tributary waters and agricultural ecosystems to conserve fragile basin biodiversity and improve peoples’ livelihoods.


  – For more details on the project visit

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ECOBANK FUNDS FARMERS IN MALAWI CARBON PROJECT

Ecobank Malawi, a pan African Bank present in 31 countries, has pledged continued support to over 170 smallholder farmers to plant trees in Ntchisi District, central region of Malawi. The project, where farmers will be receiving cash in exchange for investing land and labor, is aimed at promoting the planting of the indigenous M’bawa trees – one of Malawi’s flagship species – on half an acre of their land. The program will capture and store harmful carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Together with similar programs all over Africa, this initiative will help slow down the rate of climate change across the globe. The trees will eventually serve as a source of fuel wood and timber for these rural families.


Ecobank has pledged $2,500 a year for the first three years of the project. The first Ecobank-supported payment to farmers was made in December 2009. The small incentive payments are based on the number of surviving trees and will encourage farmers to invest the necessary energy into protecting and nurturing the trees while they are young.

The project is implemented by ICRAF Malawi and Ntchisi District Departments of Forestry and Agriculture Extension.

  – For more details on the project visit

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News from Across the Ocean

SAB MILLER INVESTS IN WATERSHED PROTECTION IN BOLIVIA

SAB Miller, one of the world’s biggest beer brewers, is establishing a tree nursery in Honduras as part of its international effort to protect the watersheds in countries where it operates. The nursery, which was started in February in San Pedro Sula at an initial cost of $10,000, will be designed to produce 36,000 fruit and evergreen trees per year, said María Amalia Porta, a water specialist at the World Wildlife Foundation, with which SABMiller is partnering in water initiatives around the world.


The Honduran program is an attempt to alter farming techniques that harm the watershed by allowing the entrance of sedimentation and pesticides. Once mature, the tree fruits will be sold and consumed by their growers, while the evergreens will help reforest the watershed and support the hydrologic cycle reducing runoffs, erosion and sedimentation.
The reforestation effort, on which the partners are being advised by the state-funded Honduran Foundation for Agricultural Research, is already well under way, even before the nursery’s establishment.


Around the world, SABMiller, which is based in London, has been working with environmental groups, aid agencies like GTZ of Germany, local water authorities and other businesses to protect water quality near its operations. Last year with the help of the foundation, the company conducted a “water footprint” study in two of its biggest operations, in South Africa, and the Czech Republic. That helped SABMiller to understand its whole chain of water use and how the resource could be managed more effectively. For example, SABMiller is working with South African farmers of barley, a prime beer ingredient, to improve their yields and water use.


  – For more details visit

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Other Related News

AFRICA CARBON CREDIT EXCHANGE TO BE LAUNCHED BY JUNE

The Africa Carbon Credit Exchange (ACCE) is to be launched by June 2010 in Lusaka, Zambia. The exchange will aim at facilitating funds for development of projects seeking to protect the environment and mitigating climate change. The Exchange will have broking offices across the continent that would facilitate the carbon-trading platform. ACCE would be trading in units of reduced but captured carbon emissions and harmful greenhouse gases and these units would be referred to as carbon credits.




Confirming the development yesterday, ACCE chairperson and Lloyds Financials chief executive officer Lloyd Chingambo said “It will provide access to finance and access to knowledge and the trading platform will be transparent and regulated on which buyers and sellers of credible compliance and voluntary carbon credits generated in Africa will be matched while the low carbon Africa fund will provide innovative financial solutions to unlock various projects relating to cleaner technologies,” said Prof Chingambo. “The outlook for this project is positive since several companies are willing to use this facility. So far we have received funding and technical support from the USAID profit project and together with partners from the UK and South Africa, we shall be launching operations by June 2010.”



And ACCE acting chief executive officer Sabera Khan said institutions would be given an opportunity to make additional income through trading in carbon credits.” For instance, in steel manufacturing a company can have two options whether to invest in new technology and reduce emissions that can be captured and sold as carbon credits or continue being emitters with old technology, actually what is captured when emissions are reduced is what will be traded at ACCE and this will help companies to make additional incomes,” explained Khan.

  – For more details visit

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Upcoming Events

PUTTING A PRICE ON CARBON

MARCH 23 & 24TH, 2010

University of Cape Town,

Cape Town, South Africa 


The objectives of this conference are to:
•    Build on discussions undertaken at a side-event and a workshop at the Climate Change Summit 2009
•     Contribute to the development of climate policy in South Africa, by further exploring practical options for putting a price on carbon.
•     Deepen the understanding of economic instruments, through a conference with peer-reviewed papers.
•     Broaden the community of experts working in this emerging field, by having attracted papers from researchers and analysts in cognate disciplines that are not currently working on carbon pricing including economics and environmental economics, but also researchers working on institutional and political dimensions
•     Draw on experiences and lessons from other countries, in particular other developing countries in their exploration of the same issues in similar contexts, and experiences of implementation in developed countries examining the applicability in the context of development.

  – For details visit

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KATOOMBA ECOSYSTEM SERVICES INCUBATOR (INCUBATOR) PROJECT CLINIC FOR EASTERN AFRICA

APRIL 2010,

DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA


The Project Clinic will facilitate an interface between leading experts in carbon project development and implementers of promising projects/initiatives. The purpose of the interface is to initiate advisory support to promising projects by addressing key challenges encountered or perceived by project implementers. The clinic builds on observed progress in implementing forest-carbon projects following similar Project Clinics in Costa Rica and Ghana.
 
Interested participants should send brief summaries (not more than two pages) about their projects to the East and Southern Africa, Katoomba Incubator Coordinator at snamirembe@forest-trends.org no later than March 1, 2010.

Format for project briefs
•    Name of project
•    Location (specific area in a country), size and status of forest, and
  Potential number of people involved/targeted
•    Deforestation/degradation pressure potential intervention via REDD or AR
•    Project progress so far
•    Next steps
•    Knowledge or capacity gaps to enhance carbon project development

. Also refer to the link below for introductory information about REDD. www.conservationtraining.org - developed by the Nature Conservancy, Conservation International, the Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance, GTZ, the Rainforest Alliance and the World Wildlife Fund.

 

Please circulate this information to other potential project implementers that may be interested

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Resources & Tools

NEW LAND CHANGE MODELING FOR REDD

Developed by Clark University Labs, this revolutionary land cover change analysis and prediction software for REDD projects  also incorporates tools that allow you to analyze, measure and project the impacts on habitat and biodiversity.

  – Available online at

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GOOGLE DEVELOPS ONLINE FOREST TRACKING TOOL

Google.org, the philanthropic arm of the information giant, has developed a new technology prototype that enables online, global-scale observation and measurement of changes in the earth’s forests. The program, which uses google satellite imagery, allows scientists to locate and measure deforestation and forest regeneration. As a Google.org product, this technology will be provided to the world as a not-for-profit service. This technology prototype is currently available to a small set of partners for testing purposes  it’s not yet available to the general public but Google.org expect to make it more broadly available over the next year.

  – For details visit

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UPCOMING TOOL FOR CALCULATING GHG EMISSIONS IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM-GHG CALCULATOR)

The KfW Entwicklungsbank, the German Development bank of the Federal Republic and federal states, acting on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development BMZ, has commissioned the development of this Excel-based tool to calculate climate protection effects of different waste disposal strategies. The objective of the Tool is to aid in understanding the effects of proper waste management on GHG emissions.

  – For details visit

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NEW TOOL TO HELP REDUCE DEFORESTATION IN THE AMAZON

The Amazon Initiative and its partners are developing an interactive map server for environmental policy targeting. Supported by the World Agroforestry Center - ICRAF, the International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT, and the World Bank, trhe tool uses spatial information from a large variety of sources and allows users to calculate land cover, biomass and conservation opportunity costs in custom polygons.

  – For details visit

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New Publications

THE END OF HINTERLAND: FORESTS, CONFLICTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE

This report takes stock of the current status of forest rights and tenure globally, assesses the key issues and trends of 2009, and identifies key questions and challenges that will face 2010.

  – Available online at

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NEWSLETTERS

We invite you to look at the Katoomba Group’s other newsletters.

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